This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Turkic edit

Etymology edit

Uncertain, historically multiple conflicting forms exist; *yipin, *yipgin & *yipgil. Clauson regards *yipin to be the original form and considers it a foreign borrowing with *-g- being added on to Turkify the word.

Adjective edit


  1. (Common Turkic) purple, violet, dark red

Descendants edit

  • Karluk:
    • Karakhanid: [script needed] (yipin, yipkil, yipkin)
      • Chagatai: [script needed] (epgin, black fabric), [script needed] (ipgin, black fabric)
  • Kipchak: [script needed] (ipkin)
    • West Kipchak:
    • ? Chuvash: йӗпкӗн (jĕpkĕn, dense (of colors))
  • Siberian:
    • Old Turkic:
      • Old Uyghur: [script needed] (yipin), [script needed] (yipün), [script needed] (yipkin), [script needed] (yipgin)
    • South Siberian:

See also edit

Colors in Proto-Turkic · *boduglar, *bodugsāyïn (layout · text)
     *āk, *ürüŋ      *boŕ, *sūr, *kuba, *čāl, *oń      *kara
             *kïŕïl; *āl              *koŋur, *yạgïŕ              *siarïg, *yẹgren

References edit