This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Turkic edit

Etymology edit

Compared to Proto-Mongolic *kara (black), Proto-Japonic *kuro,[1] however, the Altaic hypothesis is not accepted by many scholars.

May be related to Khitan (kara, west) since colors indicate direction in Turkic mythology.[2]

Adjective edit


  1. black

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Oghur:
    • Chuvash: хура (hura)
  • Common Turkic:

References edit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei, Dybo, Anna, Mudrak, Oleg (2003) “*kara”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^

See also edit

Colors in Proto-Turkic · *boduglar, *bodugsāyïn (layout · text)
     *āk, *ürüŋ      *boŕ, *sūr, *kuba, *čāl, *oń      *kara
             *kïŕïl; *āl              *koŋur, *yạgïŕ              *siarïg, *yẹgren