This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Uralic edit

Etymology 1 edit

The noun's meaning of "ant" is likely derived from the meaning "urine". Compare the semantics of English pissmire (ant) and the ant-related history of Sanskrit मधुमेह (madhumēha "mead-urine").

Noun edit


  1. ant
  2. urine

Verb edit


  1. to urinate
Descendants edit
  • Proto-Samoyedic: *kunsə
  • Ugric:
  • Proto-Permic: *kuʒ́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Mari:
  • Mordvin:
  • Proto-Samic: *końčë (urine) (see there for further descendants), *końčëtēk (to urinate)
  • Proto-Finnic: *kusi (urine) (see there for further descendants), *kustak (to urinate)

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit


  1. star
Synonyms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka (1988), “Historical Phonology of the Uralic Languages”, in Denis, Sinor, editor, The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, Leiden: E. J. Brill, →ISBN, pages 478-554

External links edit