Sammallahti (1988) reconstructs *toxe, supposing that only *x is word-medially lost in Samoyedic. According to Aikio (2002: 35, 49), also the semivowels *j, *w were lost before 2nd-syllable *e (compare e.g. *sewe-, *śowe), which would allow the reconstruction *towe.
- Samoyedic: *to
- Nganasan: турку
- Forest Enets: [Term?] (to)
- Tundra Enets: [Term?] (to)
- Forest Nenets: [script needed] (tō)
- Tundra Nenets: то (tō)
- Selkup: [script needed] (to), [script needed] (tū)
- Kamassian: [script needed] (tʰu), [script needed] (tō)
- Mator: [script needed] (тоа), [script needed] (to)
- Aikio, Ante. 2002. "New and Old Samoyed Etymologies". Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen 57, pp. 9–57.
- Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
- Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.
- Entry #1070 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.