Template:la-verb

amō (present infinitive amāre, perfect active amāvī, supine amātum); first conjugation


This template creates a headword line for all types of Latin verbs.

Basic usage

The parameters are identical to {{la-conj}} except that the following additional parameters exist:

  • |id=: ID (document me).
  • |lemma=, |lemma2=, ...: Override the lemma(s); include links.

For basic verbs of conjugation classes 1, 2 and 4, specify them as follows:

  • amō (to love): {{la-verb|1+|amō}}
  • habeō (to have): {{la-verb|2+|habeō}}
  • custōdiō (to guard): {{la-verb|4+|custōdiō}}
  • audiō (to hear): {{la-verb|4++|audiō}}

Here, the + and ++ signs means to use the default principal parts:

  • amō, amāre, amāvī, amātum
  • habeō, habēre, habuī, habitum
  • custōdiō, custōdīre, custōdīvī, custōdītum
  • audiō, audīre, audīvī/audiī, audītum

Note the difference between 4+, which generates a single perfect stem in -īv, and 4++, which generates two perfect stems in -īv and -i.

For verbs of conjugation classes 3, and more complex verbs of other conjugation classes, you will need to specify the verb class along with the lemma, perfect stem and supine stem, as follows:

  • capiō (to take): {{la-verb|3|capiō|cēp|capt}}
  • videō (to see): {{la-verb|2|videō|vīd|vīs}}

For deponent verbs and semi-deponent verbs, only the supine stem is given:

  • sequor (to follow): {{la-verb|3|sequor|secūt}}
  • gaudeō (to rejoice): {{la-verb|2.semi-depon|gaudeō|gāvīs}}

The conjugation class can optionally be followed by one or more subtypes (as in the above example gaudeō):

  • pausō (to pause): {{la-verb|1+.nopass|pausō}} (no passives exist)
  • veniō (to come): {{la-verb|2.pass-impers|4|veniō|vēn|vent}} (only impersonal passives exist)
  • placeō (to please): {{la-verb|2+.opt-semi-depon.noimp|placeō}} (the verb is optionally semi-deponent, i.e. the perfect is either placuī or placitus sum, and there is no imperative)

If there is no perfect, or no supine, just leave the form out:

  • (to swim): {{la-verb|1.nopass|nō|nāv}} (or equivalently {{la-verb|1+.nopass|nō||-}})

As shown in the previous example, when you use one of the + variants, which automatically generate default perfect and supine stems, you can cancel any of the stems using -.

Impersonal and third-person-only verbs should use the third-person singular as the lemma:

  • grandinat (to hail): {{la-verb|1.nopass|grandinat}}
  • pertaedet (to disgust, to bore): {{la-verb|2.semi-depon|pertaedet|pertaes}}
  • decet (to suit): {{la-verb|2.3only.nopass|decet|decu}}

If the third-person singular is provided as the lemma, it is assumed to be impersonal. If the verb is third-person-only (i.e. it has both third-person singular and plural, but no other forms), use the subtype .3only.

Parameters

See {{la-conj}} for more information.