See also: Cæpio




Etymology 1Edit

PIE root

From Proto-Italic *kapiō, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyéti, from the root *keh₂p- ‎(to seize, grab).

Cognate with Breton kavout, English have, heave, Lithuanian kàmpt, Albanian kap, Ancient Greek κάπτω ‎(káptō).


capiō ‎(present infinitive capere, perfect active cēpī, supine captum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I capture, seize, take
  2. I take on
  3. I take in, understand
   Conjugation of capio (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present capiō capis capit capimus capitis capiunt
imperfect capiēbam capiēbās capiēbat capiēbāmus capiēbātis capiēbant
future capiam capiēs capiet capiēmus capiētis capient
perfect cēpī cēpistī cēpit cēpimus cēpistis cēpērunt, cēpēre
pluperfect cēperam cēperās cēperat cēperāmus cēperātis cēperant
future perfect cēperō cēperis cēperit cēperimus cēperitis cēperint
passive present capior caperis, capere capitur capimur capiminī capiuntur
imperfect capiēbar capiēbāris, capiēbāre capiēbātur capiēbāmur capiēbāminī capiēbantur
future capiar capiēris, capiēre capiētur capiēmur capiēminī capientur
perfect captus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect captus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect captus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present capiam capiās capiat capiāmus capiātis capiant
imperfect caperem caperēs caperet caperēmus caperētis caperent
perfect cēperim cēperīs cēperit cēperīmus cēperītis cēperint
pluperfect cēpissem cēpissēs cēpisset cēpissēmus cēpissētis cēpissent
passive present capiar capiāris, capiāre capiātur capiāmur capiāminī capiantur
imperfect caperer caperēris, caperēre caperētur caperēmur caperēminī caperentur
perfect captus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect captus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cape capite
future capitō capitō capitōte capiuntō
passive present capere capiminī
future capitor capitor capiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives capere cēpisse captūrus esse capī captus esse captum īrī
participles capiēns captūrus captus capiendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
capere capiendī capiendō capiendum captum captū
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

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capiō f ‎(genitive capiōnis); third declension

  1. A taking
  2. (law) The right of property acquired by prescription.

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative capiō capiōnēs
genitive capiōnis capiōnum
dative capiōnī capiōnibus
accusative capiōnem capiōnēs
ablative capiōne capiōnibus
vocative capiō capiōnēs


  • capio” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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