From Proto-Italic *sekʷōr, from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to follow). Cognates include Sanskrit सचते (sácate), Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬗𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬉 (hacaitē) and Ancient Greek ἕπομαι (hépomai).





sequor (present infinitive sequī, perfect active secūtus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. (with accusative) to follow, to come or go after, to pursue
    Synonyms: persequor, cōnsequor, īnsequor, īnsector, continuō, excipiō, exsequor, agō, premō, īnstō
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 3.188:
      Cēdāmus Phoebō et monitī meliōra sequāmur.
      Let us yield to Phoebus, and having been warned follow better things.
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 7.20:
      Video meliora proboque, deteriora sequor.
      I see, and I desire the better: I follow the worse.
    • 234 BCE – 149 BCE, Cato the Elder :
      Rem tene, verba sequentur.
      Grasp the subject, the words will follow.
  2. to accede to, to conform to
  3. to attend, accompany
    Synonyms: comitō, exsequor, cōnsequor
  4. to succeed (i.e., follow in position)
    Synonyms: subeō, succēdō, excipiō
  5. (logic, third person) to follow, ensue

Usage notes


The verb ducere is used for "to be followed," effectively giving ducere two passives, this verb being one of them.

In later Latin, an active voice was invented for "to follow," leading to the passive forms being relegated to "to be followed."


   Conjugation of sequor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sequor sequeris,
sequitur sequimur sequiminī sequuntur
imperfect sequēbar sequēbāris,
sequēbātur sequēbāmur sequēbāminī sequēbantur
future sequar sequēris,
sequētur sequēmur sequēminī sequentur
perfect secūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect secūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect secūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sequar sequāris,
sequātur sequāmur sequāminī sequantur
imperfect sequerer sequerēris,
sequerētur sequerēmur sequerēminī sequerentur
perfect secūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect secūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sequere sequiminī
future sequitor sequitor sequuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sequī secūtum esse secūtūrum esse
participles sequēns secūtus secūtūrus sequendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sequendī sequendō sequendum sequendō secūtum secūtū

Derived terms





  • sequor”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sequor”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sequor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to follow in any one's steps: vestigia alicuius sequi, persequi or vestigiis aliquem sequi, persequi
    • to court a person's favour; to ingratiate oneself with..: gratiam alicuius sibi quaerere, sequi, more strongly aucupari
    • to be a lover of ease, leisure: otium sequi, amplexari
    • to adopt some one's opinion: ad alicuius sententiam accedere, sententiam alicuius sequi
    • to try to conjecture probabilities: probabilia coniectura sequi
    • my intention is..: id sequor, ut
    • to be guided by another's example: auctoritatem alicuius sequi
    • to be a follower, disciple of some one: sectam alicuius sequi (Brut. 31. 120)
    • it follows from this that..: sequitur (not ex quo seq.) ut
    • to hold by the letter (of the law): verba ac litteras or scriptum (legis) sequi (opp. sententia the spirit)
    • to strive to attain virtue: virtutem sequi, virtutis studiosum esse
    • to follow fixed principles of conduct: certas rationes in agendo sequi
    • to embrace the cause of..., be a partisan of..: alicuius partes (causam) or simply aliquem sequi
    • to be neutral: neutram partem sequi
    • to follow the standards: signa sequi (opp. a signis discedere, signa relinquere)