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Wiktionary:Thesaurus

This is the main project page of Wiktionary Thesaurus, a Wiktionary subproject and a wiki namespace aiming at creating a thesaurus, a dictionary of synonyms, antonyms and further semantically related terms such as hyponyms, hypernyms, meronyms and holonyms. The project was formerly called Wikisaurus.

New to Thesaurus?

Please contribute your own Thesaurus entries, or add to the existing Thesaurus entries.

PurposeEdit

Chunked purpose
  • Purpose:
    • To help people find words that they
      • can't recall or
      • don't know
    • To help people explore the network of words
  • Semantic relations:
    • Synonymy – same or similar meaning
    • Antonymy – opposite meaning
    • Hyponymy – narrower meaning, subclass
    • Hypernymy – broader meaning, superclass
    • Being an instance – being an example of the class, set membership
    • Meronymy – part, such as wheel of a car
    • Holonymy – whole, such as car of a wheel
  • Users:
    • Writers
    • Managers
    • Contributors to wikis
    • Bloggers
    • Writers of love letters
    • Journal writers

The purpose of Wiktionary Thesaurus is to serve the role of an electronic thesaurus—a dictionary of synonyms, near-synonyms and antonyms, and near-antonyms, but also of other semantically related terms such as hyponyms, hypernyms, meronyms, holonyms.

The purpose of such a thesaurus in general is mainly to help anyone who writes for living or fun—writers, managers, contributors to wikis, bloggers, and writers of love letters—to find words they don't recall or even know when they recall words that are semantically related to the sought word. In general, anyone to whom the choice of words matters can benefit from a thesaurus, especially one linked to a dictionary providing the definitions.

Added value of Wiktionary Thesaurus is its Wiktionary integration—it links to and is linked from Wiktionary.

ModelsEdit

Candidate model thesauri include Roget's thesaurus, and, say, The Penguin Thesaurus. The two follow different design principles.

MultilingualismEdit

Whether Thesaurus at en.wiktionary.org should contain entries for other languages than English was disputed. Entries for foreign languages could look like Thesaurus:příbuzný and Thesaurus:juoppo. An alternative naming of the entries is "Thesaurus:cs:příbuzný" and "Thesaurus:fi:juoppo", in part modeled on the naming of topic categories. Yet another alternative is "Thesaurus:cs:relative" and "Thesaurus:fi:drunkard" using English headwords prefixed by the language.

Discussions:

Languages that have at least one Thesaurus entry include Czech: WS:příbuzný, Finnish: WS:juoppo, French: WS:chat, Hindi: WS:मनुष्य, Polish: WS:gruchot, Portuguese: WS:duradouro, and Telugu: WS:కుక్క.

FormattingEdit

Formatting is specified and discussed at:

Example entries:

InclusionEdit

The inclusion criteria for Thesaurus entries are the same as those for the mainspace: Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion.

Additionally, all items in lists of synonyms, antonyms, hyponyms etc. on Thesaurus pages are required to be attested, using the same attestation criteria as the mainspace.​

TemplatesEdit

Lists of templates:

Template naming:

  • Use "ws " prefix. Basis for decision: Grease pit discussion of July 2008. (Past prefixes: "wse-", "wikisaurus-", "saurus-".)

Templates:

Template Example Note
  • {{ws|beer|An alcoholic fermented malt drink.}}
  • {{ws|beer|*}}
  • {{ws|beer}}
The second entry is a lazy one. The third one shows no tooltip, but also does not make it clear that one is missing.
To be put around a list of {{ws}} entries. Currently formats the list as a 3-column one.

THESAURUS

beer
Entered at the very top of the entry. When without parameter, determines the headword automatically.
{{comment-link}} Deprecated in Thesaurus. Preferred template: {{ws}}
{{R:Roget 1911|beauty}} beauty” in Roget's Thesaurus, T. Y. Crowell Co., 1911.
{{ws sense|glad; in a good mood}} Sense: glad; in a good mood Used after the third level heading for the part of speech.

MainspaceEdit

Linking from mainspace to Thesaurus entries:

  • Place "* See also [[Thesaurus:headword]]" to "Synonyms" section, or to "Hyponyms" section if the Wikisaurus entry contains mainly hyponyms.
  • Especially for Thesaurus entries featuring mostly synonyms, it is good to add a link to the Thesaurus entry from all the mainspace entries for the synonyms, so that the user knows that there is a Thesaurus entry when visiting the mainspace.

StatusEdit

Since its inception in 2004, the project is in an embryo stage. The formatting is in flux, the entries are few -- 275, so are the contributors. --Dan Polansky 12:38, 26 August 2008 (UTC)

As of the beginning of September 2009, Thesaurus has around 800 entries, some of which feature hyponyms, hypernyms, meronyms and holonyms. Almost all entries follow a unified format.

As of October 2015, there are about 1400 entries.

IdentityEdit

Title: The current title of the project is "Thesaurus" and "Wiktionary Thesaurus". Before mid 2017, it was "Wikisaurus". Alternatives considered include "Wikithesaurus". In the past, WikiSaurus spelling with capital 'S' must have existed at some point.

Logo: The past, currently disabled, logo:  .

This logo   was proposed at Template:Wikisaurus-link (archived at Template talk:Wikisaurus-link) in December 2006.

To do: add links to discussions about logo.

Online thesauriEdit

Recent changesEdit

ShortcutsEdit

See alsoEdit

SubpagesEdit

Highlighted subpages:

Project subpages:

To doEdit

Things to do:

All entriesEdit

Lists of all Thesaurus entries:

DiscussionEdit

Discussions about Thesaurus are scattered across various pages. In the future, they should better take place in Beer Parlour, a general policy discussion room.

Pages with discussions:

For more discussions, see #Beer parlour.

Beer parlourEdit

Discussions about Thesaurus at Beer parlour:

The following list is highly incomplete.

See also search for "Wikisaurus" in the archives of Beer parlour.

IndexEdit

An index to this page: