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IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū (compare Welsh afon), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- (water). The form abhainn was originally the dative singular of abha, but is now widely used as the nominative/accusative as well.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abhainn f (genitive singular abhann or aibhne, nominative plural aibhneacha or aibhne)

  1. river
    Níl aon abhainn san oileán.
    There’s no river on the island.
    Dá dtéiteá go Gaillimh inné, d’fhéadfá a dhul isteach an abhainn go réidh, mar nach raibh aon tsruth mór.
    If you had gone to Galway yesterday, you would have easily been able to go up the river, since there wasn’t a very strong current.
    Bhí an abhainn reoite.
    The river was frozen.
    bruach na haibhnethe riverbank
    Bhí na haibhneacha uilig reoite.
    All the rivers were frozen.
    Dhá mbeadh an t-airgead againn, ghabhfadh muid do haibhneacha Chill Airne.
    If we had the money, we would go to the rivers of Killarney.

DeclensionEdit

Standard
Nonstandard

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
abhainn n-abhainn habhainn not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906), A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 18, § 40.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū (compare Welsh afon), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- (water). The form abhainn was originally the dative singular of abha, but is now widely used as the nominative/accusative as well.

NounEdit

abhainn f (genitive singular aibhne, plural aibhnichean)

  1. river, stream

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
abhainn n-abhainn h-abhainn t-abhainn
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit