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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin acanthus, from Ancient Greek ἄκανθος (ákanthos), from ἀκή (akḗ, thorn) + ἄνθος (ánthos, flower).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

acanthus (plural acanthuses or acanthi)

  1. A member of the genus Acanthus of herbaceous prickly plants with toothed leaves, (family Acanthaceae, order Scrophulariales) found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India.[First attested in the mid 16th century.][2]
  2. (architecture) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of Acanthus spinosus, used in the capitals of the Corinthian and composite orders.[First attested in the mid 18th century.][2]

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 “acanthus” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ἄκανθος (ákanthos), from ἀκή (akḗ, thorn) + ἄνθος (ánthos, flower).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

acanthus m (genitive acanthī); second declension

  1. A plant known as bear's-foot (Helleborus foetidus).
  2. A thorny evergreen tree.

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative acanthus acanthī
Genitive acanthī acanthōrum
Dative acanthō acanthīs
Accusative acanthum acanthōs
Ablative acanthō acanthīs
Vocative acanthe acanthī

DescendantsEdit

  • English: acanthus
  • French: acanthe

ReferencesEdit

  • acanthus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • acanthus in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • acanthus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • acanthus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • acanthus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly