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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ἀκρόπολις (akrópolis), from ἄκρος (ákros, topmost”, “tip”, “summit) + πόλις (pólis, city).[1]

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NounEdit

acropolis (plural acropolises or acropoleis)

  1. A promontory (usually fortified with a citadel) forming the hub of many Grecian cities, and around which many were built for defensive purposes before and during the classical period; compare Acropolis.
    • 1850, Karl Otfried Müller and John Leitch (translator), Ancient Art and Its Remains; or, A Manual of the Archæology of Art[1], page 146:
      The Etruscans, then, appear in general as an industrious people ( φιλότεχνον ἔθνος), of a bold and lofty spirit of enterprise, which was greatly favoured by their priestly aristocratic constitution. Massive walls, mostly of irregular blocks, surround their cities (not merely their acropoleis); the art of protecting the country from inundations by the construction of canals, and outlets from lakes, was very zealously practised by them.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Acropolis” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)

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