From Latin āctrīx (“female plaintiff”). Doublet of actrice.
actrix (plural not attested) (rare, chiefly law)
- A female plaintiff.
- 1918, Documents Relating to the Colonial, Revolutionary and Post-revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey, volume 30, page 469:
- Wife Elizabeth, whole estate, including gold, silver, jewels, etc., and to be executrix and “universal actrix,” to bring up the children until they will be fit for trades.
- 1935, Manning, John Joseph, Presumptions of Law in Marriage Cases, page 75:
- Thirdly, the actrix in her own testimony did not so much allege ignorance but rather showed that she abhorred the notion of sexual relations and had a positive will opposed to its fulfillment.
- 2000, Pedersen, Frederik, Marriage disputes in medieval England, →ISBN, page 22:
- Compare Marrays c. Rowcliff where the annotator has written the age of the actrix in the margin every time a witness answered the question about her age, […]
From āctus + -trīx, from agō (“do, act”).
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈaːk.triːks/, [ˈäːkt̪riːks̠]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈak.triks/, [ˈäkt̪riks]
āctrīx f (genitive āctrīcis, masculine āctor); third declension
- doer (female)
- actress, actor (female) (person who performs in a theatrical play or movie)
- plaintiff (female)
- stewardess, steward (female)
- Asturian: actriz
- → Catalan: actriu
- → English: actrix
- Galician: actriz
- Italian: attrice
- → Middle French: actrice
- Portuguese: atriz
- → Spanish: actriz
- “actrix”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- actrix in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
- actrix in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette