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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-trih₂, from *-tḗr. Cognate with the Sanskrit suffix -त्री (-trī) as in जनित्री (janitrī, mother); compare genetrix.

The origin of the medial -c- is unknown. Compare Proto-Slavic *-ica with the same element, and also with secondary thematicization.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-trīx f (genitive -trīcis); third declension

  1. -ess, -rix; used to form a feminine agent noun
  2. Used to form feminine versions of adjectives (in the same way as above), often with a poetic quality and/or a negative connotation

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -trīx is added to a verb to create a third-declension feminine form of an agent noun.

Examples:
cantrīx (female singer); feminine counterpart of cantor (male singer), from canō (I sing)
tōnstrīx (female hair cutter); feminine counterpart of tōnsor (male hair cutter), from tondeō (I shear, shave)
meretrīx (prostitute", lit. "she who earns), from mereō (I merit, deserve, earn)

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -trīx -trīcēs
Genitive -trīcis -trīcum
Dative -trīcī -trīcibus
Accusative -trīcem -trīcēs
Ablative -trīce -trīcibus
Vocative -trīx -trīcēs

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit