See also: Aithne

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish aithgne (knowing, recognition).

NounEdit

aithne f (genitive singular aithne)

  1. acquaintance, acquaintanceship (with ar plus the person or thing one is acquainted with)
    • 1899, Franz Nikolaus Finck, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 24:
      æńə agm̥ əŕ.
      conventional orthography: aithne agam air.
      I know him; I am acquainted with him.
  2. recognition; act of recognizing
  3. knowledge
  4. (characteristic or distinguishing) appearance
  5. Alternative form of aithint: verbal noun of aithin
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish aithne (act of entrusting, commanding).

NounEdit

aithne f (genitive singular aithne, nominative plural aitheanta)

  1. commandment, precept
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aithne n-aithne haithne not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aithne n

  1. verbal noun of ad·noí
  2. an act of entrusting, handing over; the thing entrusted
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 66a26
      a n-aithne glosses depositum
  3. an act of commanding; a command, order
  4. (biblical) a commandment, a Commandment

InflectionEdit

Neuter io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aithne unchanged n-aithne
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish aithgne (knowing, recognition).

NounEdit

aithne f (genitive singular aithne)

  1. knowledge, discernment, acquaintance

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aithne n-aithne h-aithne t-aithne
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit