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Wiktionary:Foreign Word of the Day/2015/July

< Wiktionary:Foreign Word of the Day‎ | 2015

This is the July archive of the Foreign Word of the Day for the year of 2015.

Contents

1

 
Foreign word of the day  in Latin
stemma n, noun
  1. (post-classical, in general) a garland or wreath
  2. (post-Augustan, in particular) a garland hung upon an ancestral image
  3. (transferred sense) a pedigree, geneagram, or family tree
  4. (figuratively) nobility, honoured pedigree, august lineage
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2

3

 
Foreign word of the day  in Classical Nahuatl
mēxihcatl noun
  1. A Mexica or Aztec; an inhabitant of Mexico.
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4

 
Foreign word of the day  in Middle High German
zedel f, noun
  1. strip of paper
  2. written record, memory
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5

 
Foreign word of the day  in Russian
о́земь (ózemʹ) adverb
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6

 
Foreign word of the day  in Portuguese
piaçaba f, noun
  1. Brazilian palm trees Attalea funifera and Leopoldinia piassaba
  2. fibrous product of these trees, formerly used in making brooms and for other purposes
  3. toilet brush
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7

8

 
Foreign word of the day  in Polish
juma f, noun
  1. (colloquial, historical) a type of criminal activity popular in the 1990s in the western regions of Poland, involving theft of high value goods in Germany and then trafficking them across the Polish border
  2. (colloquial, by extension) theft
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9

 
Foreign word of the day  in Hausa
kufai m, noun
  1. (archaeology) ruin; (site of an) abandoned town
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10

 
Foreign word of the day  in Middle High German
burcgrâve m, noun
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Focus week: the Middle Ages

11

 
Foreign word of the day  in Middle English
lyard adjective
  1. (of a horse) having dappled white and grey spots
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Focus week: the Middle Ages

12

 
Foreign word of the day  in Middle Welsh
cantref m, noun
  1. The cantref: a mediaeval land division in Wales, between the cwmwd and the gwlad.
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Focus week: the Middle Ages

13

 
Foreign word of the day  in Old Norse
dróttinn m, noun
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Focus week: the Middle Ages

14

 
Foreign word of the day  in Old Portuguese
jograr m, noun
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Focus week: the Middle Ages

15

 
Foreign word of the day  in Old English
būrbyrde adjective
  1. of peasant birth
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Focus week: the Middle Ages

16

 
Foreign word of the day  in Old Spanish
castiello m, noun
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Focus week: the Middle Ages

17

18

 
Foreign word of the day  in Egyptian
     
(ˤmˤ3) verb
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19

 
Foreign word of the day  in Adyghe
жакӏэ (žāč̣̍ắ) noun
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20

 
Foreign word of the day  in Ancient Greek
ὀπώρα (opṓra) f, noun
  1. the part of the year between the rising of Sirius and of Arcturus (i. e. the end of July, all August and part of September), the end of summer; later it was used for autumn
  2. since it was the fruit-time, it came to mean the fruit itself
  3. (figuratively) summer-bloom, i. e. the bloom of youth
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21

22

 
Foreign word of the day  in German
Stolperstein m, noun
  1. (literally) a raised or uneven stone or paving slab (for example in a cobblestone street) over which someone could stumble; a (literal) stumbling block
  2. (figuratively) stumbling block (hindrance, obstacle)
  3. (architecture) stolperstein: small, cobblestone-sized memorial for an individual victim of Nazism
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23

24

 
Foreign word of the day  in Old Danish
þiufær m, noun
  1. (Scanian) thief
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25

 
Foreign word of the day  in Old Irish
aithne n, f, noun
  1. an act of entrusting, handing over; the thing entrusted
  2. an act of commanding; a command, order
  3. (biblical) a commandment, a Commandment
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26

27

 
Foreign word of the day  in Finnish
Ilmatar proper noun
  1. An air spirit in Finnish mythology; the mother of Väinämöinen in the Kalevala.
  2. A female given name.
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28

 
Foreign word of the day  in Kanoé
pætæj noun
  1. moriche palm (Mauritia flexuosa, a palm tree of South America)
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29

30

 
Foreign word of the day  in Icelandic
stoða verb
  1. (impersonal, takes the accusative) to be of any use
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31

 
Foreign word of the day  in Lower Sorbian
gjarsć f, noun
  1. handful (amount held in hand; small quantity)
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