See also: archón

English edit

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Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἄρχων (árkhōn), a noun use of the present participle of ἄρχω (árkhō, to rule).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑː(ɹ)kən/
  • (file)

Noun edit

archon (plural archontes or archons)

  1. A chief magistrate of ancient Athens.
    • 1980, Burgess, Earthly Powers:
      Hated by the archons of Athens for his fearless condemnation of municipal graft, he was hypocritically arraigned on a charge of corrupting Athenian youth.
  2. A person who claims the right to rule, or to exercise power or sovereign authority over other human beings.
  3. A ruler, head of state or other leader.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses:
      But neither the midwife’s lore nor the caudlectures saved him from the archons of Sinn Fein and their noggin of hemlock.
  4. (Gnosticism) A supernatural being subordinate to the Demiurge.
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 83:
      Their claim to totality is like the cry of the archon Ialdabaoth that he was the Lord of the Universe and that there was nothing beyond him.

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

 archon on Latin Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἄρχων (árkhōn).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

archōn m (genitive archontis); third declension

  1. archon

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative archōn archontēs
Genitive archontis archontum
Dative archontī archontibus
Accusative archontem archontēs
Ablative archonte archontibus
Vocative archōn archontēs

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: arcont
  • French: archonte
  • Italian: arconte
  • Portuguese: arconte
  • Romanian: arhonte
  • Spanish: arconte

References edit

  • archon”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • archon”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • archon in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • archon in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • archon”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • archon”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • archon”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • archon”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin