- ārdus (less common, contracted form)
From āreō (“I am dry, I am parched”) + -idus.
āridus (feminine ārida, neuter āridum, superlative āridissimus); first/second-declension adjective
- dry, parched, withered, arid
- Montes aridi sterilesque.
- Parched and barren mountains.
- Arida ligna.
- Dry wood.
- Terra arida et sicca.
- An arid and dry ground.
- (of things) dry, lean, meagre, shrivelled; withered (e.g. from disease)
- Uvis aridior puella passis.
- A damsel drier than the raisin'd grape.
- Vita horrida atque arida.
- Rough and meagre life.
- (rhetorical style, orators) uninspired, jejune, spiritless
- Aridi magistri.
- Uninspired teachers.
- Sicci omnino atque aridi pueri.
- Sapless lads, altogether, and dry.
- (slang) avaricious, someone greedy or stingy (confer the tongue-in-cheek term Argentiexterebronides (“the name of one who is skilled in extorting money; a sponger”))
- Sometimes used of thirst; sitis arida guttor urit (“thirst unquenched still burns all his throat”) and os aridum habens (“having a dry mouth”)
- Of a fever meaning to "cause thirst"; used with febris (“fever”) and morbus (“sickness, illness”)
- Of color; arbor folio convoluto, arido colore.
- Also used of cracking or snapping sound, as when dry wood is broken; aridus sonus and aridus fragor both refer to a a dry, grating, half-crackling sound, as in aridus altis Montibus incipit audiri fragor (“a dry crackling noise begins to be heard in the high mountain forest”)
- aridus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- aridus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- aridus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- the dry, lifeless style: oratio exilis, ieiuna, arida, exsanguis
- to haul up a boat: navem subducere (in aridum)