See also: que


Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Italic *-kʷe (and), from Proto-Indo-European *-kʷe (and). Cognates include Sanskrit (ca), Ancient Greek τε (te), Proto-Germanic *-hw ( → English (thou)gh).



-que (enclitic)

  1. and, a copulative particle affixed to the word it annexes
    • 6th or 5th century BCE, Castor-Pollux dedication (image (page 3; requires access to JSTOR); facsimile):
      Castorei Podlouqueique qurois
      To Castor and Pollux, the Dioskouroi
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita.VIII:
      Nihil agis, nihil moliris, nihil cogitas quod non ego non modo audiam sed etiam videam planeque sentiam.
      There is nothing you do, nothing you plot, nothing you think about, that I do not only hear of, but actually see as well and distinctly discern.
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid I.1:
      Arma virumque cano.
      I sing of arms and the man...
    Senatus Populusque Romanus.
    The Senate and the People of Rome
    (literally, “The Roman Senate and People”)
  2. (when repeated) "both... and", "whether... or"
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Georgics, III
      ...hominvmqve ferarvmqve...
      ...both of man and of beast...
  3. introducing an explanatory clause
  4. (rare) used in an answer

Usage notesEdit

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Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit