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See also: Austrumi

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LatvianEdit

 austrumi on Latvian Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the verb aust (to dawn): from Proto-Baltic *aus- with an extra -(t)rā (cf. austra “dawn light”) +‎ -ums, from Proto-Indo-European *āws-, *aws- (to shine) (< *h₂ews-). As in many other Indo-European languages, the term for “east” is thus related to, or derived from, terms meaning “dawn” or “sunrise.”[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

austrumi m (1st declension)

  1. (plural only) east (one of the four compass points, opposed to west)
    austrumu vējšeast wind
    ēkas austrumu pusethe east side of the building
    doties austrumu virzienāto go east (lit. in the east direction)
    mainīt kursu uz austrumiemto change course to the east
    austrumos debesu pamalē jau blāzmoja rītsin the eat horizon the morning begins to dawn
  2. east (territory situated in or along this direction)
    Latvijas austrumithe Latvian east (the east part of Latvia)
    dzīvot pilsētas austrumosto live in th east (part) of town
  3. (also Austrumi) East, Eastern, Oriental (regions located in Asia or neighboring areas)
    austrumu tautas, valodasEastern peoples, languages
    lieliska gulta!... tajā varēja gulēt kā sapnī, kā austrumu pasakāa wonderful bed!... in it you can sleep as in a dream, as in an Eastern fairy tale

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “austa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN