balneum

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Syncopated form of balineum, an early borrowing from Ancient Greek βαλανεῖον (balaneîon) which displays vowel reduction of a to i.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

balneum n (genitive balneī); second declension

  1. bath, bathing place, bathroom
    • (Can we date this quote?), Another Letter from Young M. Aurelius to Fronto, quoted in 1879 by Cruttwell and Banton (editors) in Specimens of Roman Literature: Passages Illustrative of Roman Thought and Style, section 188, page 599:
      [] discus crepuit, id est pater meus in balneum transisse nuntiatus est.
      The gong rang, it is announced that my father is going to the bath.

DeclensionEdit

The inflection of this noun was irregular. Usually, the plural became feminine and first declension with the specific meaning of a public place for bathing (e.g. public baths):

Second-declension noun (neuter) or first-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative balneum balneae
Genitive balneī balneārum
Dative balneō balneīs
Accusative balneum balneās
Ablative balneō balneīs
Vocative balneum balneae

Since the Augustan period the following regular declension was sometimes used:

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative balneum balnea
Genitive balneī balneōrum
Dative balneō balneīs
Accusative balneum balnea
Ablative balneō balneīs
Vocative balneum balnea

Occasionally, the back-form balnea was used as a singular.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: bañu
  • Catalan: bany
  • Corsican: bagnu
  • English: balneal
  • French: bain
  • Friulian: bagn
  • Galician: baño
  • Greek: μπάνιο (bánio)
  • Italian: bagno
  • Occitan: banh
  • Old Portuguese: banno

ReferencesEdit