Nominalized adjective, perhaps from Proto-Brythonic *banuyos,[1]masculine derived from Proto-Celtic *ban-, whence Welsh banon (maiden queen), Old Breton ban-doiuis (goddess), Old Irish ban-chú (female dog);[2] akin to Cornish benow (feminine, female).[3] Further related to Old Welsh ben (woman), from Proto-Celtic *benā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn. Doublet of banw.



benyw f (plural benywod)

  1. woman
    Synonyms: dynes, menyw, merch
  2. female
    Synonym: menyw

Derived termsEdit


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
benyw fenyw menyw unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  1. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 298
  2. ^ Ranko Matasović, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden: Brill, 2009), 61.
  3. ^ Dagmar S. Wodtko, Britta Irslinger & Carolin Schneider, eds., Nomina im Indogermanischen Lexikon (Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2008), 178, 180n7.