Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English ben, bene, from Old English bēn ‎(prayer, request, favor, compulsory service), from Proto-Germanic *bōniz ‎(supplication), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂- ‎(to say). Related to ban. More at boon.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. (obsolete) A prayer; a petition.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English ben, bene, variation of bin, binne ‎(within), from Old English binnan ‎(within, in, inside of, into), equivalent to be- +‎ in.

PrepositionEdit

ben

  1. (Scotland, Northern England) In, into.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, page 32:
      And he was waving to me to creep in, so I just did and then just to skip ben the front and then in the lobby.

AdjectiveEdit

ben ‎(comparative benner, superlative benmost)

  1. Inner, interior.
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. (Scotland, Northern England) Ben-room: The inner room of a two-room hut or shack (as opposed to the but).
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Probably representing a North African pronunciation of Arabic بَان ‎(bān, ben tree)

NounEdit

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. A tree, Moringa oleifera or horseradish tree of Arabia and India, which produces oil of ben.
  2. The winged seed of the ben tree.
  3. The oil of the ben seed.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Arabic بن and Hebrew בן ‎(ben, son).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

ben ‎(uncountable)

  1. (usually capitalised) Son of (used with Hebrew and Arabic surnames).
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Borrowing from Scots [Term?], from Scottish Gaelic beinn

NounEdit

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. A Scottish or Irish mountain or high peak.

AnagramsEdit


AmeleEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ben

  1. big

NounEdit

ben

  1. a big thing

ReferencesEdit

  • Pavol Štekauer, Salvador Valera, Lívia Kőrtvélyessy, Word-Formation in the World's Languages: A Typological Survey (2012)

CatalanEdit

AdverbEdit

ben

  1. Alternative form of

Usage notesEdit

The form ben is used when it precedes the adjective, adverb or verb form that it modifies, and is used in all other cases.


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse bein ‎(bone, leg), from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /beːn/, [b̥eːˀn]

NounEdit

ben n (singular definite benet, plural indefinite ben)

  1. leg
  2. bone

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ben

  1. first-person singular present indicative of zijn
  2. (dialectal) imperative of zijn

Usage notesEdit

Ben, as an imperative, is considered non-standard, the standard form being wees.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse ben, from Proto-Germanic *banjō.

NounEdit

ben n (genitive singular bens, plural ben)

  1. wound

DeclensionEdit

n3 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ben benið ben benini
Accusative ben benið ben benini
Dative beni beninum benum benunum
Genitive bens bensins bena benanna
n22 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ben benið ben benini
Accusative ben benið ben benini
Dative beni beninum ben(j)um ben(j)unum
Genitive bens bensins benja benjanna

NounEdit

ben f (genitive singular benjar, plural benjar)

  1. wound

DeclensionEdit

f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ben benin benjar benjarnar
Accusative ben benina benjar benjarnar
Dative ben benini benjum benjunum
Genitive benjar benjarinnar benja benjanna


Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Alternative form of bien

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ben

  1. well; uh

External linksEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bene.

AdverbEdit

ben

  1. well
  2. properly, nicely

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

ben

  1. good

Related termsEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bene.

NounEdit

ben m ‎(plural bens)

  1. benefit; welfare
  2. (in the plural) goods
  3. good (the forces that are the enemy of evil)

AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

ben

  1. well
  2. very; a lot

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


InterlinguaEdit

AdverbEdit

ben ‎(comparative melio, superlative le melio)

  1. well

IstriotEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bene.

AdverbEdit

ben

  1. well

ItalianEdit

AdverbEdit

ben

  1. apocopic form of bene
    ben fatto‎ ― well done

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ben

  1. rōmaji reading of べん

KurdishEdit

NounEdit

ben ?

  1. string, rope

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


LadinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bene.

AdverbEdit

ben ‎(comparative miec)

  1. well
  2. properly

NounEdit

ben m ‎(plural bens)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) goods, property

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

ben

  1. rafsi of besna.

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ben

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of běn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bèn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish ben, from Proto-Celtic *benā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ben f ‎(genitive singular mreih, plural mraane)

  1. woman

MutationEdit

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ben ven men
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • 1 ben” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Middle EnglishEdit

VerbEdit

bēn

  1. to be
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, pages 40–41
      And I seide, “Ser, in his tyme maister Ioon Wiclef was holden of ful many men the grettis clerk that thei knewen lyuynge vpon erthe. And therwith he was named, as I gesse worthili, a passing reuli man and an innocent in al his lyuynge. And herfore grete men of kunnynge and other also drowen myche to him, and comownede ofte with him. And thei sauouriden so his loore that thei wroten it bisili and enforsiden hem to rulen hem theraftir… Maister Ion Aston taughte and wroot acordingli and ful bisili, where and whanne and to whom he myghte, and he vsid it himsilf, I gesse, right perfyghtli vnto his lyues eende. Also Filip of Repintoun whilis he was a chanoun of Leycetre, Nycol Herforde, dane Geffrey of Pikeringe, monke of Biland and a maistir dyuynyte, and Ioon Purueye, and manye other whiche weren holden rightwise men and prudent, taughten and wroten bisili this forseide lore of Wiclef, and conformeden hem therto. And with alle these men I was ofte homli and I comownede with hem long tyme and fele, and so bifore alle othir men I chees wilfulli to be enformed bi hem and of hem, and speciali of Wiclef himsilf, as of the moost vertuous and goodlich wise man that I herde of owhere either knew. And herfore of Wicleef speciali and of these men I toke the lore whiche I haue taughte and purpose to lyue aftir, if God wole, to my lyues ende.”

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse bein, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

NounEdit

ben n ‎(definite singular benet, indefinite plural ben, definite plural bena or benene)

  1. a leg
  2. a bone

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *bōniz. Cognate with Old Norse bón.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bēn f ‎(nominative plural bēne or bēna)

  1. prayer, praying
  2. request, entreaty
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *banjō. Cognate with Old Norse ben.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ben f

  1. Alternative form of benn

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *benā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn.

NounEdit

ben f ‎(genitive mná, nominative plural mná)

  1. woman
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Ultimately from Hebrew בֵּן ‎(ben).

NounEdit

ben

  1. son
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Inflected form of benaid.

VerbEdit

·ben

  1. third-person singular present indicative conjunct of benaid

ben

  1. second-person singular imperative of benaid

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ben ben
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mben
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • 1 ben” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • benaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old ProvençalEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin bene.

AdjectiveEdit

ben

  1. well

ReferencesEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bainą. Cognate with Old Frisian bēn (West Frisian bien), Old English bān (English bone), Dutch been ‎(bone, leg), Old High German bein (German Bein ‎(leg)), Old Norse bein (Icelandic bein ‎(bone)).

NounEdit

bēn n

  1. bone

DescendantsEdit


Old SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse bein, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

NounEdit

bēn n

  1. bone
  2. leg

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


ScotsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English binnan.

NounEdit

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. The inner room of a two-room hut or shack (as opposed to the but).

AdjectiveEdit

ben ‎(comparative benner, superlative benmaist)

  1. Inner, interior.

PrepositionEdit

ben

  1. Through, in, into (a dwelling).
    I went ben the room.

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from Scottish Gaelic beinn.

NounEdit

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. mountain, hill

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish بڭ ‎(beñ).

NounEdit

ben m ‎(Cyrillic spelling бен)

  1. (regional) birthmark
  2. (regional) mole
  3. (regional) naevus

SynonymsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish bēn, from Old Norse bein, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ben n

  1. (anatomy) Leg; a body part.
  2. Leg; part of trousers which covers the legs.
  3. The part of a piece furniture on which it stands.
  4. (anatomy) Bone; any of the components of an endoskeleton.
  5. (anatomy) Bone; the material of the endoskeleton

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


TurkishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɛn/, /bæn/
  • Hyphenation: ben

Etymology 1Edit

From Ottoman Turkish بك ‎(beŋ, mole), from Proto-Turkic *beŋ ‎(mole on the face).[1]

Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] ‎(meŋ), Bashkir миң ‎(miñ), Kyrgyz мең ‎(meñ), Turkmen meň, Yakut мэҥ ‎(meŋ). Also compare Mongolian мэнгэ ‎(menge, mole, birthmark).

NounEdit

ben ‎(definite accusative beni, plural benler)

  1. birthmark, mole
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DeclensionEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ottoman Turkish بن ‎(ben, I), from Proto-Turkic *bẹ-n ‎(I).[2]

Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰢𐰤 ‎(M²N², men), 𐰋𐰤 ‎(B²N², ben, I), Bashkir мин ‎(min), Chuvash эпӗ ‎(epĕ), Kazakh, Karachay-Balkar, Kyrgyz мен ‎(men), Turkmen men. Turkish is the only language to preserve the Proto-Turkic *b-.

PronounEdit

ben

  1. I
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

ben ‎(definite accusative beni, plural biz)

  1. (psychology) ego
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DeclensionEdit
Usage notesEdit
  • It is one of the two words that have irregular dative case declension. (The other word is "sen").
  • It is one of the two words that have irregular genitive case declension. (The other word is "biz").

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*beŋ”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bẹ-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

VenetianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bene.

AdverbEdit

ben

  1. well

Derived termsEdit


VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Latin bene.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ben ‎(plural bens)

  1. (sense of) well-being, welfare, being well, wellness

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ben

  1. Soft mutation of pen.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pen ben mhen phen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
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