English

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Etymology

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From Latin pro Iovem. Ellipsis of a full oath of the form "I swear by Jove that…" Originally a literal oath; later a minced oath.

Interjection

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by Jove

  1. (obsolete, Classics) Invocation of the Roman god Jupiter.
    • 1575, “Apius and Virginia”, in Isaac Reed, Octavius Gilchrist, editors, A Select Collection of Old Plays, London: Septimus Prowett, published 1826, page 353:
      By Jove, master marchant, by sea or by land / Would get but smale argent if I did not stand / His very good master, I may say to you, / When he hazards in hope what hap will insue.
    • a. 1639, John Webster, Appius and Virginia, London: printed for Humphrey Moseley, published 1659, act 3, scene 1, page 38:
      By Joves help I'l[sic] be there.
  2. (dated, chiefly British) minced oath for by God, Jove referring to Jupiter.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, Love's Labour's Lost, act V, scene II:
      By Jove, I always took three threes for nine.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Antony and Cleopatra, act III, scene XIII:
      Favours, by Jove that thunders! What art thou, fellow?
    • 1897, Marie Corelli, “Chapter I”, in Ziska: The Problem of a Wicked Soul, New York: Stone & Kimball, page 30:
      "Oh, as to that!"—and Lord Fulkeward roused himself to some faint show of energy. "Who wouldn't admire her? By Jove! Only, I tell you what—there's something weird about her eyes. Fact! I don't like her eyes."
    • 1912, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World [], London, New York, N.Y.: Hodder and Stoughton, →OCLC:
      "I was sorry to fire my rifle, but, by Jove! there was no great choice." "We should not be here if you hadn't," said I, with conviction.
    • 1916, P. G. Wodehouse, “Jeeves Takes Charge”, in A Wodehouse Miscellany:
      Well, I wasn't going to have any of that sort of thing, by Jove!

Synonyms

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Translations

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