FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse byggja, byggva. Compare Scots big.

VerbEdit

byggja (third person singular past indicative bygdi, third person plural past indicative bygdu, supine bygt)

  1. to build

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of byggja (group v-12)
infinitive byggja
supine bygt
participle (a7)1 byggjandi bygdur
present past
first singular byggi bygdi
second singular byggir bygdi
third singular byggir bygdi
plural byggja bygdu
imperative
singular bygg!
plural byggið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse byggja, byggva. Compare Scots big.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

byggja (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative byggði, supine byggt)

  1. to build
  2. to be built
  3. to base
  4. to inhabit

ConjugationEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • byggje (e- and split infinitives, also with j-infix)
  • bygga, bygge (witout the j-infix)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse byggja, byggva, from Proto-Germanic *būwijaną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /²bʏʝːɑ/, [²bʷʏʷʝːɑ], [²bʷʏʷɟ͡ʝːɑ], [²bʷʏʷɟːɑ]

VerbEdit

byggja (present tense byggjer, past tense bygde, past participle bygd/bygt, passive infinitive byggjast, present participle byggjande, imperative bygg)

  1. to build
    Dei skal byggja eit nytt kjøpesenter her.
    They will build a new shopping centre here.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old NorseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *būwijaną (to build, settle).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

byggja (singular past indicative bygði, plural past indicative bygðu, past participle bygðr)

  1. to settle, build
  2. to inhabit, dwell, live
ConjugationEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Icelandic: byggja
  • Faroese: byggja
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: byggja
  • Norwegian Bokmål: bygge
  • Old Swedish: byggia
  • Danish: bygge
  • Middle English: biggen

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *bugjaną (to buy, purchase). Cognate with Old English bycgan, Old Saxon buggian, Gothic 𐌱𐌿𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (bugjan).

VerbEdit

byggja (singular past indicative bygði, plural past indicative bygðu, past participle bygðr)

  1. to let out
  2. to lend money at interest
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • byggja”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press