See also: Base, BASE, basé, and Báse

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English base, bas, baas, from Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

NounEdit

base (plural bases)

  1. Something from which other things extend; a foundation.
    1. A supporting, lower or bottom component of a structure or object.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, in The China Governess[1]:
        Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall. Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime. Their bases were on a level with the pavement outside, a narrow way which was several feet lower than the road behind the house.
  2. The starting point of a logical deduction or thought; basis.
  3. A permanent structure for housing military personnel and material.
  4. The place where decisions for an organization are made; headquarters.
  5. (cooking, painting, pharmacy) A basic but essential component or ingredient.
  6. A substance used as a mordant in dyeing.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ure to this entry?)
  7. (cosmetics) Foundation: a cosmetic cream to make the face appear uniform.
  8. (chemistry) Any of a class of generally water-soluble compounds, having bitter taste, that turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts.
  9. Important areas in games and sports.
    1. A safe zone in the children's games of tag and hide-and-go-seek.
    2. (baseball) One of the three places that a runner can stand without being subject to being tagged out.
  10. (architecture) The lowermost part of a column, between the shaft and the pedestal or pavement.
  11. (biology, biochemistry) A nucleotide's nucleobase in the context of a DNA or RNA biopolymer.
  12. (botany) The end of a leaf, petal or similar organ where it is attached to its support.
  13. (electronics) The name of the controlling terminal of a bipolar transistor (BJT).
  14. (geometry) The lowest side of a in a triangle or other polygon, or the lowest face of a cone, pyramid or other polyhedron laid flat.
  15. (heraldry) The lowest third of a shield or escutcheon.
  16. (heraldry) The lower part of the field. See escutcheon.
  17. (mathematics) A number raised to the power of an exponent.
    The logarithm to base 2 of 8 is 3.
  18. (mathematics) Synonym of radix.
  19. (topology) The set of sets from which a topology is generated.
  20. (topology) A topological space, looked at in relation to one of its covering spaces, fibrations, or bundles.
  21. (group theory) A sequence of elements not jointly stabilized by any nontrivial group element.
  22. (acrobatics, cheerleading) In hand-to-hand balance, the person who supports the flyer; the person that remains in contact with the ground.
  23. (linguistics) A morpheme (or morphemes) that serves as a basic foundation on which affixes can be attached.
  24. (music) Dated form of bass.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      The trebles squeak for fear, the bases roar.
  25. (military, historical) The smallest kind of cannon.
  26. (archaic) The housing of a horse.
  27. (historical, in the plural) A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armour) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.
  28. (obsolete) The lower part of a robe or petticoat.
  29. (obsolete) An apron.
    • (Can we date this quote by Marston and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      bakers in their linen bases
  30. A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Lyman to this entry?)
  31. (politics) A group of voters who almost always support a single party's candidates for elected office.
  32. (Marxism) The forces and relations of production that produce the necessities and amenities of life.
  33. A material that holds paint or other materials together; a binder.
  34. (aviation) Short for base leg.
SynonymsEdit
  • (chemical compound that will neutralize an acid): alkali
AntonymsEdit
  • (chemical compound that will neutralize an alkali): acid
  • (end of a leaf): apex
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

base (third-person singular simple present bases, present participle basing, simple past and past participle based)

  1. (transitive) To give as its foundation or starting point; to lay the foundation of.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
      Firstly, I continue to base most species treatments on personally collected material, rather than on herbarium plants.
  2. (transitive) To be located (at a particular place).
  3. (acrobatics, cheerleading) To act as a base; to be the person supporting the flyer.
    • 2005, John T. Warren, Laura B. Lengel, Casting Gender: Women and Performance in Intercultural Context, →ISBN, page 73:
      Apart from time taken out during radio- and chemotherapy, Maurs continued to participate in POW. She would base a flyer in a double balance and make the audience laugh with her clowning antics for two more shows.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English base, bas, from Old French bas, from Late Latin bassus (low). Cognate with Spanish bajo, Italian basso and base.

AdjectiveEdit

base (comparative baser or more base, superlative basest or most base)

  1. (obsolete) Low in height; short.
  2. Low in place or position.
  3. (obsolete) Of low value or degree.
  4. (archaic) Of low social standing or rank; vulgar, common.
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, De Augmentis Scientiarum
      a peasant and base swain
  5. Morally reprehensible, immoral; cowardly.
  6. (now rare) Inferior; unworthy, of poor quality.
  7. Designating those metals which are not classed as precious or noble.
  8. Alloyed with inferior metal; debased.
    base coin
    base bullion
  9. (obsolete) Of illegitimate birth; bastard.
  10. Not classical or correct.
    base Latin
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fuller to this entry?)
  11. Obsolete form of bass.
    the base tone of a violin
  12. (law) Not held by honourable service.
    A base estate is one held by services not honourable, or held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant is a base tenant.
Usage notesEdit
  • Said of fellows, motives, occupations, etc.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3Edit

Probably a specific use of Etymology 1, above; perhaps also a development of the plural of bar.

NounEdit

base (uncountable)

  1. (now chiefly US, historical) The game of prisoners' bars. [from 15th c.]

Etymology 4Edit

Variant forms.

NounEdit

base

  1. Alternative form of BASE
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

NounEdit

base f (plural bases)

  1. base

Related termsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base f (plural bases)

  1. base
  2. basis
  3. grounding
  4. foundation

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base

  1. dative singular of basa
  2. locative singular of basa
  3. vocative singular of bas
  4. locative singular of bas

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base f

  1. Obsolete form of báze.

DeclensionEdit


DanishEdit

NounEdit

base c (singular definite basen, plural indefinite baser)

  1. (chemistry) base (generally understood to be a Brønsted-Lowry base)
  2. (military) base
  3. headquarters

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Alternative formsEdit

  • basis (obsolete in this sense)

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French base, from Latin basis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base f (plural basen, diminutive basetje n)

  1. (chemistry) base (class of compounds), alkali

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: basa

ReferencesEdit

  • base” in Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal – Officiële Spelling, Nederlandse Taalunie. [the official spelling word list for the Dutch language]

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base f (plural bases)

  1. base (bottom part of something)
  2. base (safe place)
  3. base, basis (fundamental belief)
  4. (chemistry) base

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

NounEdit

base f (plural bases)

  1. base

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈba.ze/, /ˈba.ze/

EtymologyEdit

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

NounEdit

base f (plural basi)

  1. base, alkaline
  2. basis
  3. (figuratively) mainstay

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

NounEdit

base

  1. ablative singular of basis

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French base, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βᾰ́σῐς (básis), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷémtis.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base (plural bases)

  1. A foundation or base; the bottom of a building.
  2. The foundation, base, or bottom of a column, statue, or vase.
  3. (rare) Padding inserted below a horse's bridle.
  4. (rare) A hand's palm; the section of a hand below the fingers.
  5. (rare) The bottom portion of a dress.
  6. (rare, alchemy) The mix of metals used as a base for alchemical operations.
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French bas.

AdjectiveEdit

base

  1. Alternative form of bas

Etymology 3Edit

From Old English bærs.

NounEdit

base

  1. Alternative form of bace

Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈpase/

VerbEdit

base

  1. inflection of bassit:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From English base, and French base (in chemistry)

NounEdit

base m (definite singular basen, indefinite plural baser, definite plural basene)

  1. (chemistry, military, general) a base

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From English base, and French base (in chemistry)

NounEdit

base m (definite singular basen, indefinite plural basar, definite plural basane)

  1. (chemistry, military, general) a base

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

NounEdit

base f (oblique plural bases, nominative singular base, nominative plural bases)

  1. base (bottom part; supporting part)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (base, supplement)

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base f (plural bases)

  1. basis
  2. base
  3. (chemistry) base
  4. groundwork

AntonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

base f (plural bases)

  1. base
  2. basis
  3. (linear algebra) basis
  4. grounding
  5. foundation
  6. (basketball) point guard
  7. (baseball) base

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

base

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of basar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of basar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of basar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of basar.

VenetianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

base f

  1. feminine plural of baso