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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Late Latin cambium (a change), from Gaulish.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cambium (plural cambiums or cambia)

  1. (botany) A layer of cells between the xylem and the phloem that is responsible for the secondary growth of roots and stems.
    • 1863, Harland Coultas, What may be learned from a tree
      During winter we perceive no change in the cells of the cambium layer, which are filled with nutritive matter […].
  2. (obsolete) One of the humours formerly believed to nourish the bodily organs.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970:
      , Bk.I, New York, 2001, p.147:
      The radical or innate is daily supplied by nourishment, which some call cambium, and make those secondary humours of ros and gluten to maintain it […].

TranslationsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Gaulish cambion, *kambyom (change), from Proto-Celtic *kambos (twisted, crooked), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱh₂mbós, *(s)kh₂mbós (crooked), from *(s)kh₂emb- (to bend, curve). Cognate with Ancient Greek σκαμβός (skambós, crooked), Old Irish camm (crooked), Welsh cam (crooked), Breton kamm (crooked), Old High German skimph (joke, amusement, pastime), Swedish skumpa (to limp), Persian خم(kham, curve, crook). More at change.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cambium n (genitive cambiī or cambī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) A change
  2. (Late Latin) cambium

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cambium cambia
Genitive cambiī
cambī1
cambiōrum
Dative cambiō cambiīs
Accusative cambium cambia
Ablative cambiō cambiīs
Vocative cambium cambia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Late Latin cambium.

NounEdit

cambium m (plural cambiums)

  1. cambium

Related termsEdit