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From Latin cambium (a change).



cambium (plural cambiums or cambia)

  1. (botany) A layer of cells between the xylem and the phloem that is responsible for the secondary growth of roots and stems.
    • 1863, Harland Coultas, What may be learned from a tree
      During winter we perceive no change in the cells of the cambium layer, which are filled with nutritive matter […].
  2. (obsolete) One of the humours formerly believed to nourish the bodily organs.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: What It Is. With All the Kindes, Cavses, Symptomes, Prognosticks, and Seuerall Cvres of It. In Three Maine Partitions, with Their Seuerall Sections, Members, and Svbsections. Philosophically, Medicinally, Historically Opened and Cut Up, by Democritvs Iunior, with a Satyricall Preface, Conducing to the Following Discourse, 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, (please specify |partition=1, 2, or 3):
      , Bk.I, New York, 2001, p.147:
      The radical or innate is daily supplied by nourishment, which some call cambium, and make those secondary humours of ros and gluten to maintain it […].




From Gaulish cambion, *kambyom (change), from Proto-Celtic *kambos (twisted, crooked), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱh₂mbós, *(s)kh₂mbós (crooked), from *(s)kh₂emb- (to bend, curve). Cognate with Ancient Greek σκαμβός (skambós, crooked), Old Irish camm (crooked), Welsh cam (crooked), Breton kamm (crooked), Old High German skimph (joke, amusement, pastime), Swedish skumpa (to limp), Persian خم (kham, curve, crook). More at change.



cambium n (genitive cambiī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) A change
  2. (Late Latin) cambium


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cambium cambia
genitive cambiī cambiōrum
dative cambiō cambiīs
accusative cambium cambia
ablative cambiō cambiīs
vocative cambium cambia

Derived termsEdit



  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cambium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cambium in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016



From Late Latin cambium


cambium m (plural cambiums)

  1. cambium