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See also: Stem and STEM

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EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: stĕm, IPA(key): /stɛm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stem, stemme, stempne, stevin, from Old English stemn, stefn (stem, trunk (of a tree)), from Proto-Germanic *stamniz.

NounEdit

stem (plural stems)

  1. The stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      all that are of noble stem
    • (Can we date this quote?) Herbert
      While I do pray, learn here thy stem / And true descent.
  2. A branch of a family.
  3. An advanced or leading position; the lookout.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Fuller
      Wolsey sat at the stem more than twenty years.
  4. (botany) The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Sir Walter Raleigh
      After they are shot up thirty feet in length, they spread a very large top, having no bough nor twig in the trunk or the stem.
  5. A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogy, the shaft of a feather.
    the stem of an apple or a cherry
    • 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 206-7:
      Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close (less than half a meter) above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.
  6. A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
  7. (linguistics) The main part of an uninflected word to which affixes may be added to form inflections of the word. A stem often has a more fundamental root. Systematic conjugations and declensions derive from their stems.
  8. (slang) A person's leg.
    • 2008, Lori Wilde, ‎Rhonda Nelson, ‎Cara Summers, August Harlequin Blaze
      She was perfectly, fuckably proportioned everywhere else, both above and below her waist. A pocket-size Venus, with the longest stems he'd ever seen on someone so dang diminutive.
  9. (typography) A vertical stroke of a letter.
  10. (music) A vertical stroke marking the length of a note in written music.
  11. (nautical) The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached.
  12. Component on a bicycle that connects the handlebars to the bicycle fork
  13. (anatomy) A part of an anatomic structure considered without its possible branches or ramifications.
  14. (slang) A crack pipe; or the long, hollow portion of a similar pipe (i.e. meth pipe) resembling a crack pipe.
  15. (chiefly British) A winder on a clock, watch, or similar mechanism
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
ReferencesEdit

stem” in the Collins English Dictionary, Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers.

VerbEdit

stem (third-person singular simple present stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. To remove the stem from.
    to stem cherries; to stem tobacco leaves
  2. To be caused or derived; to originate.
    The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
  3. To descend in a family line.
  4. To direct the stem (of a ship) against; to make headway against.
  5. (obsolete) To hit with the stem of a ship; to ram.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.ii:
      As when two warlike Brigandines at sea, / With murdrous weapons arm'd to cruell fight, / Doe meete together on the watry lea, / They stemme ech other with so fell despight, / That with the shocke of their owne heedlesse might, / Their wooden ribs are shaken nigh a sonder []
  6. To ram (clay, etc.) into a blasting hole.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English stemmen, a borrowing from Old Norse stemma (to stop, stem, dam) (whence Danish stemme/stæmme (to stem, dam up)), from Proto-Germanic *stammijaną. Cognate with German stemmen, Middle Dutch stemmen, stempen. Compare stammer.

VerbEdit

stem (third-person singular simple present stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. To stop, hinder (for instance, a river or blood).
    to stem a tide
    • (Can we date this quote?) Denham
      [They] stem the flood with their erected breasts.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Alexander Pope
      Stemmed the wild torrent of a barbarous age.
  2. (skiing) To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

stem (plural stems)

  1. Alternative form of steem

Etymology 4Edit

Acronym of science, technology, engineering, (and) mathematics.

NounEdit

stem (plural stems)

  1. Alternative form of STEM
    • 2015 May 29th, BBC News, How do US black students perform at school?"
      Stem (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields are a particular cause for concern because within them there are more pronounced stereotypes, extreme competitiveness and gender inequities regarding the abilities and competencies of black male and female students.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Dutch stem, from Middle Dutch stemme, from Old Dutch *stemma, from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stamnijō.

NounEdit

stem (plural stemme)

  1. vote
  2. voice
    • 1921, C.J. Langenhoven (lyrics), M.L. de Villiers (music), “Die Stem van Suid-Afrika”, in Afrikaans), South Africa, in Afrikaans), :
      Ruis die stem van ons geliefde, van ons land Suid-Afrika.
      Rustles the voice of our beloved, of our country South Africa.

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch stemmen.

VerbEdit

stem (present stem, present participle stemmende, past participle gestem)

  1. to vote

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch stemme, from Old Dutch *stemma, from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stamnijō. Under influence of Latin vox (voice, word), it acquired the now obsolete sense of "word".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

stem f (plural stemmen, diminutive stemmetje n)

  1. voice, sound made by the mouth using airflow
  2. vote
  3. (obsolete) word
  4. (phonetics) voice, property formed by vibration of the vocal cords

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

VerbEdit

stem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stemmen
  2. imperative of stemmen

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

stem

  1. imperative of stemme

Norwegian NynorskEdit

VerbEdit

stem

  1. imperative of stemme

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English stamp.

NounEdit

stem

  1. stamp