Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit


  1. inflection of cārus:
    1. genitive/dative feminine singular
    2. nominative/vocative feminine plural

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Celtic *karants.

Noun edit

carae m (genitive carat, nominative plural carait)

  1. friend
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 73d1
      Fu·lilsain-se .i. matis mu námait duda·gnetis ⁊ maniptis mu chara⟨i⟩t duda·gnetis.
      I would have endured, i.e. if it had been my enemies who did them and if it had not been my friends who did them.
  2. relative, kinsman
Inflection edit
Masculine nt-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative carae caraitL carait
Vocative carae caraitL cairdea
Accusative caraitN caraitL cairdea
Genitive carat caratL caratN
Dative caraitL cairdib cairdib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Middle Irish: cara, carait
    • Irish: cara
    • Scottish Gaelic: caraid
    • Manx: carrey

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit


  1. second-person singular present subjunctive absolute/conjunct of caraid

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
carae charae carae
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.