relative

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French relatif, from Late Latin relātīvus, from Latin relātus, perfect passive participle of referō (to carry back, to ascribe), from re- (again) + ferō (to bear or carry).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛl.ə.tɪv/
    • (US, Canada) IPA(key): (flapped) [ˈɹɛl.ə.ɾɪv], (enunciated) [ˈɹɛl.ə.tʰɪv][note 1]
      • (file)
      • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛlətɪv

AdjectiveEdit

relative (not comparable)

  1. Connected to or depending on something else; comparative.
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, BBC Sport:
      For Liverpool, their season will now be regarded as a relative disappointment after failure to add the FA Cup to the Carling Cup and not mounting a challenge to reach the Champions League places.
  2. (computing, of a URL, URI, path, or similar) Expressed in relation to another item, rather than in complete form.
    The relative URL /images/pic.jpg, when evaluated in the context of http://example.com/docs/pic.html, corresponds to the absolute URL http://example.com/images/pic.jpg.
  3. (grammar) That relates to an antecedent.
  4. (music) Having the same key but differing in being major or minor.
  5. Relevant; pertinent; related.
    relative to your earlier point about taxes, ...
  6. Capable to be changed by other beings or circumstance; conditional.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

relative (plural relatives)

  1. Someone in the same family; someone connected by blood, marriage, or adoption.
    Why do my relatives always talk about sex?
  2. (linguistics) A type of adjective that inflects like a relative clause, rather than a true adjective, in certain Bantu languages.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In General American and Canadian English, the flapped [ɾ] pronunciation [ˈɹɛl.ə.ɾɪv] is more common than the aspirated [tʰ] pronunciation [ˈɹɛl.ə.tʰɪv]; but in the derived adverb relatively, the aspirated pronunciation [ˈɹɛl.ə.tʰɪv.li] is more common, though the flap-t version can still be heard, especially in casual speech.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

EsperantoEdit

AdverbEdit

relative

  1. relatively

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relative

  1. feminine singular of relatif

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relative

  1. Feminine plural of adjective relativo.

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From relātīvus +‎ .

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

relātīvē (not comparable)

  1. (Late Latin) relatively

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

A regularly declined form of relātīvus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relātīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of relātīvus

Norwegian BokmålEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Norwegian NynorskEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

SwedishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

relative

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of relativ.