Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Late Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára).

Noun edit

cara f (plural caras)

  1. (anatomy) face

References edit

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɾa/, [ˈka.ɾa]

Noun edit

cara f (plural cares)

  1. (anatomy) face
    Synonym: rostru

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Noun edit

cara f (plural cares)

  1. face (front part of the head)
  2. face (public image)
  3. heads (side of a coin)
  4. face, surface
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit

cara

  1. feminine singular of car

Further reading edit

Crimean Tatar edit

Noun edit

cara

  1. wound

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

cara

  1. third-person singular past historic of carer

Galician edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese cara, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Noun edit

cara f (plural caras)

  1. face (of a person or animal)
    Synonym: rostro
  2. expression; gesture
    • 2016, Malandrómeda, Encontro con !@#$%!! [song]:
      Os anos que botei soñando con este momento
      Funche compoñendo un discurso co tempo.
      Na cabeza creaba imaxes claras
      Dos teus ollos, escoitándome, e das túas caras
      The years I passed dreaming with this moment
      I composed a discourse along the time.
      Inside my head I was making a clear image
      of your eyes, while you was listening to me, and of your gestures
    Synonyms: aceno, xesto
  3. surface (face of a polyhedron)
Derived terms edit

Preposition edit

cara

  1. to
    Synonym: para

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Further reading edit

References edit

  • cara” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • cara” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • cara” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cara” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cara” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Malay cara, from Classical Malay cara.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃa.ra/
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ra
  • Rhymes: -ra, -a

Noun edit

cara (plural cara-cara, first-person possessive caraku, second-person possessive caramu, third-person possessive caranya)

  1. way
  2. manner
  3. style
    Synonyms: corak, gaya
  4. effort
    Synonyms: ikhtiar, usaha

Alternative forms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Irish cara (friend, relation) (compare Scottish Gaelic caraid, Manx carrey), from Old Irish carae (friend, relation),[1] from Proto-Celtic *karants (friend), from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₂ros (dear) (compare Latin cārus, English charity, whore).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cara m (genitive singular carad, nominative plural cairde)

  1. friend

Declension edit

  • Alternative genitive plural: carad (in certain phrases, otherwise archaic)

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cara chara gcara
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 cara”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  2. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, § 36, page 20

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈka.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Hyphenation: cà‧ra

Adjective edit

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Noun edit

cara f (plural care)

  1. female equivalent of caro

Anagrams edit

Javanese edit

Romanization edit

cara

  1. Romanization of ꦕꦫ

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inflected form of cārus (beloved).

Adjective edit

cāra

  1. inflection of cārus:
    1. feminine nominative/vocative singular
    2. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Adjective edit

cārā

  1. ablative feminine singular of cārus

Etymology 2 edit

Apparently borrowed from Ancient Greek κάρᾱ (kárā, head, face), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂-(e)s-n-, from the root *ḱerh₂- (top, head, horn). Cognate to Latin cornū, corvus, crabrō, cerebrum and cernuus.

Attested tenuously in a single late Latin glossary, where it is given as Greek, and then in medieval Latin documents from Spain. Appears in Romance languages with the meaning “face, facial features” (corresponding to Latin vultus).

Noun edit

cara f (genitive carae); first declension

  1. (Late Latin, rare, glosses, Medieval Latin, uncertain) the head
    Synonym: caput
    • Corpus Glossariorum Latinorum, 4 587.8, (etymologising on Virgil's Georgics III, 269):
      'Gargara' quasi cara, caros, idest 'caput, capitis'
    • Antidotarium Bambergense, 19 :
      dente [] dolentibus et carā satis antidotī adpositum prōdest
Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cara carae
Genitive carae carārum
Dative carae carīs
Accusative caram carās
Ablative carā carīs
Vocative cara carae
Descendants edit
  • North Italian:
    • Old Ligurian: cera
      • Gallurese: cera
      • Ligurian: cêa
      • Sassarese: cera
    • Piedmontese: cera
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
See also edit

Further reading edit

  • cara” in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL Open Access), Berlin (formerly Leipzig): De Gruyter (formerly Teubner), 1900–present
  • cara”, in Mittellateinisches Wörterbuch, digitalized in Wörterbuchnetz des Trier Center for Digital Humanities, Version 01/21, accessed 2021-06-02
  • cara in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Johannes Niehoff-Panagiotidis (de) Koine und Diglossie, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 493

Latvian edit

Noun edit

cara m

  1. genitive singular of cars

Malay edit

Etymology edit

From Sanskrit आचार (ācāra, behaviour, good conduct; usage; custom; rule), from Sanskrit चर् (car, to move, to practice).

Alternatively, from Persianچاره(čâra, remedy; help; business; scheme; means, manner, mode).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cara (Jawi spellingچارا⁩, plural cara-cara, informal 1st possessive caraku, 2nd possessive caramu, 3rd possessive caranya)

  1. manner, means, method
  2. style, fashion

Descendants edit

  • > Indonesian: cara (inherited)

Further reading edit

Middle Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish carae, from Proto-Celtic *karants (friend), from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₂ros (dear) (compare Latin cārus, English charity, whore).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cara

  1. friend
    coscc carata friend's advice
  2. relative

Declension edit

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cara, carait carait, cairde
Vocative cara, carait cairde
Accusative carait cairdiu, cairde
Genitive carat carat, cairde
Dative carait cairdib

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cara chara cara
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Old Javanese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit चर (cara, wandering, walking, moving).

Noun edit

cara

  1. going
  2. walking
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

cara

  1. Alternative spelling of cara, cāra, ācāra
  2. Alternative spelling of cara, pacara, upacara, upacāra
  3. Alternative spelling of caraṇa

Further reading edit

  • "cara" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Old Saxon edit

Noun edit

cara f

  1. Alternative spelling of kara

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

cara m

  1. act of walking about, act of frequenting
  2. one who walks about, one who frequents
  3. messenger, spy

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Thai: จร (jɔɔn, to wander)

Verb edit

cara

  1. second-person singular imperative active of carati (to walk)

References edit

Pali Text Society (1921–1925), “cara”, in Pali-English Dictionary‎, London: Chipstead

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sa.ra/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Syllabification: ca‧ra

Noun edit

cara m pers

  1. genitive/accusative singular of car

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Rhymes: -aɾɐ
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ra

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese cara, from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱrh₂esn.

Noun edit

cara f (plural caras)

  1. face
    Synonyms: face, rosto
  2. heads (side of coin)
    Synonym: anverso
    Antonym: coroa
    cara ou coroahead or tails
  3. (informal) resemblance, appearance (perceived characteristic of a person, object or situation)
    Synonym: pinta
    Ele tem cara de idiota.He looks like an idiot.
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:cara.

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

cara m (plural caras)

  1. (Brazil, informal) man, fellow, guy and any adult male
    Synonyms: bicho, camarada, cabra, tipo
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:cara.

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin cāra.

Adjective edit

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro (expensive, dear)
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:caro.

Sardinian edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish cara and/or Catalan cara, both from Late Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára).

Noun edit

cara f (plural caras)

  1. face

References edit

  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964), “kára”, in Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg

Sassarese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Likely from Spanish and/or Catalan cara, both from Late Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρᾱ (kárā), from Proto-Hellenic *kárahə, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱérh₂sō (top of the head/skull), derived from the root *ḱerh₂- (head, horn, top).

Noun edit

cara f (plural cari) (rare)

  1. face
    Synonym: fàccia
    • 1957, Salvator Ruju, “Li candaréri [The candlesticks]”, in Sassari véccia e nóba [Old and new Sassari]; republished as Caterina Ruju, editor, Sassari véccia e nóba, Nuoro: Ilisso edizioni, 2001, →ISBN, page 144:
      Ma la più bèdda còsa, li baggiani
      di cara bruna, d’ócci risurani.
      But the most beautiful thing, [is] the brown-faced young girls with smiling eyes.
      (literally, “But the most beautiful thing, [are] the young girls of brown face, of smiling eyes.”)
  2. countenance
    Synonyms: fàccia, chiza

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Spanish cala, of unknown origin.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

cara f (plural cari)

  1. inlet, cove

References edit

  • Ugo Solinas (2016) Vocabolario sassarese-italiano fraseologico ed etimologico, volume 1, Sestu: Domus de Janas, →ISBN, page 318
  • Giosue Muzzo (1981) Vocabolario del dialetto sassarese, Chiarella Editore, →ISBN; republished, Sassari: Carlo Delfino editore, 2018, page 55
  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɾa/ [ˈka.ɾa]
  • Rhymes: -aɾa
  • Syllabification: ca‧ra

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin cara, from Ancient Greek κάρα (kára, head, face).

Noun edit

cara f (plural caras)

  1. (anatomy) face (the front part of the head)
    Synonyms: rostro, haz
  2. face (one's facial expression)
  3. face (the frontal aspect of something)
    Synonyms: frente, fachada
  4. (colloquial) gall, nerve (impudence)
  5. (geometry) face (any of the flat bounding surfaces of a polyhedron)
  6. side (of paper, a card, a coin)
  7. heads (side of a coin)
    Synonym: anverso
    Antonyms: cruz, (Argentina) ceca
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Further reading edit

Venetian edit

Adjective edit

cara

  1. feminine singular of caro

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

  • câr (literary, third-person singular present/future)
  • caraf (first-person singular future)
  • cariff (colloquial, third-person singular future)
  • carith (colloquial, third-person singular future)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

cara

  1. inflection of caru:
    1. first-person singular future colloquial
    2. third-person singular present indicative/future literary
    3. second-person singular imperative

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cara gara nghara chara
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.