From French carnaval, from Italian carnevale, possibly from the Latin phrase carnem levāmen ("meat dismissal"). Other scholars suggest Latin carnuālia ("meat-based country feast") or carrus nāvālis ("boat wagon", "float") instead.
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkɑɹnɪvəl/, /kɑɹnəˈvɑl/ (referring to specific festivals in various countries)
Audio (UK) (file)
carnival (plural carnivals)
- Any of a number of festivals held just before the beginning of Lent.
- A festive occasion marked by parades and sometimes special foods and other entertainment.
- 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36:
- Like most human activities, ballooning has sponsored heroes and hucksters and a good deal in between. For every dedicated scientist patiently recording atmospheric pressure and wind speed while shivering at high altitudes, there is a carnival barker with a bevy of pretty girls willing to dangle from a basket or parachute down to earth.
- (US) A traveling amusement park, called a funfair in British English.
- We all got to ride the merry-go-round when they brought their carnival to town.
- When the carnival came to town, every one wanted some cotton candy.
- → Japanese: カーニバル