cerebellum

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Latin cerebellum, diminutive of cerebrum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cerebellum (plural cerebellums or cerebella)

  1. (neuroanatomy) Part of the hindbrain in vertebrates. In humans it lies between the brainstem and the back of the cerebrum and is formed of two lateral lobes and a median lobe. It plays an important role in sensory perception, motor output, balance and posture.
    Synonym: parencephalon
    Holonym: hindbrain
    • 2019, Bill Bryson, The Body: A Guide for Occupants, Black Swan, page 61:
      Although the cerebellum occupies just 10 per cent of the cranial cavity, it has more than half the brain’s neurons.

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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From cerebrum (a brain) +‎ -ellum (diminutive nominal suffix).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cerebellum n (genitive cerebellī); second declension

  1. Diminutive of cerebrum:
    1. (anatomy) a little brain
    2. the seat of senses, intellect
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InflectionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cerebellum cerebella
Genitive cerebellī cerebellōrum
Dative cerebellō cerebellīs
Accusative cerebellum cerebella
Ablative cerebellō cerebellīs
Vocative cerebellum cerebella

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