From Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to bend, curve, turn) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus). Cognate with English shrink, and Latin carcer and cancer.



curvus (feminine curva, neuter curvum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. bent, crooked, curved


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative curvus curva curvum curvī curvae curva
Genitive curvī curvae curvī curvōrum curvārum curvōrum
Dative curvō curvō curvīs
Accusative curvum curvam curvum curvōs curvās curva
Ablative curvō curvā curvō curvīs
Vocative curve curva curvum curvī curvae curva


  • Catalan: corb
  • French: courbe
  • Italian: curvo
  • Old French: corbe
  • Portuguese: curvo
  • Spanish: corvo


  • curvus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • curvus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • curvus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • curb in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.