Old EnglishEdit


From Proto-Germanic *kwikwaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós ‎(alive). Cognates with Old Frisian quik, Old Saxon quik (Dutch kwik, Old High German kec (German keck, Old Norse kvikr (Swedish kvick, Gothic 𐌵𐌹𐌿𐍃 ‎(qius); and with Ancient Greek βίος ‎(bíos, life), Latin vīvus ‎(alive), Balto-Slavic *gīˀwas (Lithuanian gývas ‎(alive), Latvian dzīvs, Slavic *živъ ‎(alive)), Celtic *biwos (Irish beo ‎(alive), Welsh byw ‎(alive)) *gwitu- (Old Irish biad ‎(nourishment), Irish biathaigh ‎(nourish) and bia ‎(food)), Sanskrit जीव ‎(jīva).




  1. living, live, alive
    Enoch cwic gewat mid cyning engla.
    Enoch departed alive with the king of angels.
  2. mentally agile; intelligent, keen


Weak Strong
case singular plural case singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative cwica cwice cwice cwican nom. cwic cwic cwicu cwice cwicu, -e cwica, -e
accusative cwican cwice cwican acc. cwicne cwic cwice cwice cwicu, -e cwica, -e
genitive cwican cwicra, cwicena gen. cwices cwices cwicre cwicra
dative cwican cwicum dat. cwicum cwicum cwicre cwicum
instrumental cwice


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