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Alternative formsEdit

  • m., m (abbreviation, grammar)


From Middle English masculyne, masculyn, from Old French masculin, from Latin masculīnus, diminutive of masculus (male, manly), itself a diminutive of mās (male).



masculine (comparative more masculine, superlative most masculine)

  1. Of or pertaining to the male gender; manly.
  2. Of or pertaining to the male sex; biologically male, not female.
  3. Belonging to males; typically used by males.
    “John”, “Paul”, and “Jake” are masculine names.
  4. Having the qualities stereotypically associated with men: virile, aggressive, not effeminate.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Henry Hallam:
      That lady, after her husband's death, held the reins with a masculine energy.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Thomas Fuller:
      [] a masculine church.
  5. (grammar) Of, pertaining or belonging to the male grammatical gender, in languages that have gender distinctions.
    1. (of a noun) Being of the masculine class, or grammatical gender, and inflected in that manner.
      The noun Student is masculine in German.
    2. (of some other parts of speech) Being inflected in agreement with the masculine noun.
      German uses the masculine form of the definite article, der, with Student.


  • (of the male sex): male
  • (having qualities stereotypical of the male gender): manly, virile


Derived termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


masculine (plural masculines)

  1. (grammar) The masculine gender.
    • 2009, Carlos Quiles, Fernando López-Menchero, A Grammar of Modern Indo-European, Second Edition:
      The masculine functions as the negative term in the opposition, i.e. when the gender is not defined, the masculine is used.
  2. (grammar) A word of the masculine gender.
    • 1905, George Theodore Dippold, A German grammar for high schools and colleges:
      As to the class to which the masculines of the strong declension belong, we repeat that []
  3. That which is masculine.
    • 2004, Leonora Leet, The Universal Kabbalah:
      These forces would also seem to reflect the gender distinction that can be made with respect to the divine, the feminine associated with the divine as immanent within the finite and the masculine with the divine transcendence and the infinite.
  4. (rare, possibly obsolete) A man.
    • 1868, The Ladies' Repository, A Universalist Monthly Magazine For The Home Circle. Volume XXXIX [39][1], page 458 (left column):
      I think women, at least those who do their own work, would live very simply in that respect, if there were none of the masculines to feed.







  1. feminine singular of masculin




  1. vocative masculine singular of masculīnus