WelshEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *kom-.[1]

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

cyf-

  1. together, co-, con-
    cyf- + ‎un (one) → ‎cyfun (concordant, united)
    cyf- + ‎amod (condition) → ‎cyfamod (covenant)
    cyf- + ‎enw (name) → ‎cyfenw (surname)
    Synonyms: cy-, cyd-, cyn-, cyt-
  2. equal, similar, equi-
    cyf- + ‎lliw (colour) → ‎cyfliw (of the same colour)
    cyf- + ‎oed (age, time) → ‎cyfoed (contemporary, of the same age, at the same time)
    cyf- + ‎uwch (higher) → ‎cyfuwch (as high)
  3. affirmative prefix, emphasises prefixed word
    cyf- + ‎llym (sharp, keen) → ‎cyflym (quick, fast)
    cyf- + ‎agos (near) → ‎cyfagos (neighbouring, adjacent)
    cyf- + ‎llawn (full) → ‎cyflawn (complete, total)

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cyf- gyf- nghyf- chyf-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J. Morris Jones, A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative (Oxford 1913), § 156 i (9)
  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “cyf-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies