differentia

See also: différentia

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin differentia. Doublet of difference.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

differentia (plural differentiae)

  1. (semantics, logic, taxonomy) A distinguishing feature which marks a species off from other members of the same genus.
    • 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Folio Society 2008, p. 38:
      That character, it seems to me, should be regarded as the practically important differentia of religion for our purpose.
    • 1928, E. M. Edghill, Categories, translation of original by Aristotle:
      If genera are different and co-ordinate, their differentiae are themselves different in kind. Take as an instance the genus ‘animal’ and the genus ‘knowledge’. ‘With feet’, ‘two-footed’, ‘winged’, ‘aquatic’, are differentiae of ‘animal’; the species of knowledge are not distinguished by the same differentiae.
    • 2017, Kory Stamper, Word By Word, Vintage 2018, p. 116:
      In the case of a word like “surfboard,” the differentiae seem pretty clear. How is this board different from all other boards?

See alsoEdit


InterlinguaEdit

NounEdit

differentia (plural differentias)

  1. difference

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From differō (I am different).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /dif.feˈren.ti.a/, [d̪ɪfːɛˈrɛn̪t̪iä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /dif.feˈren.t͡si.a/, [d̪ifːeˈrɛnt̪͡s̪iä]
  • (file)
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  • (file)

NounEdit

differentia f (genitive differentiae); first declension

  1. difference
  2. diversity

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative differentia differentiae
Genitive differentiae differentiārum
Dative differentiae differentiīs
Accusative differentiam differentiās
Ablative differentiā differentiīs
Vocative differentia differentiae

DescendantsEdit

ParticipleEdit

differentia

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural of differēns

ReferencesEdit