ecology

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Calque of German Ökologie (coined by Ernst Haeckel), from Ancient Greek οἶκος (oîkos, house) + -λογία (-logía, study of).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɛˈkɒlədʒi/, /ɪˈkɒlədʒi/
  • (file)
  • (US) enPR: ĕkŏlŏjĕ, IPA(key): /i.ˈkɑ.lə.dʒi/
  • Hyphenation: ecol‧ogy
  • Rhymes: -ɒlədʒi

NounEdit

ecology (countable and uncountable, plural ecologies)

  1. (biology) The branch of biology dealing with the relationships of organisms with their environment and with each other.
    • 1949, George R. Stewart, Earth Abides:
      As a graduate student, he was working on a thesis: The Ecology of the Black Creek Area. He had to investigate the relationships, past and present, of men and plants and animals in this region.
    • 2012 January 1, Robert M. Pringle, “How to Be Manipulative”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 1, page 31:
      As in much of biology, the most satisfying truths in ecology derive from manipulative experimentation. Tinker with nature and quantify how it responds.

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ecology at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • ecology in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • "ecology" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 110.
  • ecology in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Further readingEdit