environment

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle French environnement, equivalent to environ +‎ -ment. Compare French environnement.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈvaɪɹə(n)mənt/, /ɪnˈvaɪɚ(n)mənt/, /-mɪnt/, /ənˈ-/
  • (file)
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NounEdit

environment (plural environments)

  1. The surroundings of, and influences on, a particular item of interest.
  2. The natural world or ecosystem.
    • 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36:
      It is tempting to speculate about the incentives or compulsions that might explain why anyone would take to the skies in [the] basket [of a balloon]: […];  […]; or perhaps to muse on the irrelevance of the borders that separate nation states and keep people from understanding their shared environment.
  3. All the elements that affect a system or its inputs and outputs.
  4. A particular political or social setting, arena or condition.
  5. (computing) The software and/or hardware existing on any particular computer system.
    That program uses the Microsoft Windows environment.
  6. (programming) The environment of a function at a point during the execution of a program is the set of identifiers in the function's scope and their bindings at that point.
  7. (computing) The set of variables and their values in a namespace that an operating system associates with a process.

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