From French églantine, Middle English eglentyn, from Old French aiglantin (adj.), from Old French aiglent 'sweetbrier', from Latin aculentus (with the ending of Latin spinulentus 'thorny, prickly'), from Latin aculeus 'prickle', from Latin acus 'needle'.
eglantine (plural eglantines)
- A Eurasian rose, Rosa eglanteria, having prickly stems, fragrant leaves, pink flowers and red hips.
- Synonym: sweetbrier
- 1820, John Keats, “Isabella; or, The Pot of Basil. A Story from Boccaccio.”, in Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, London: Printed [by Thomas Davison] for Taylor and Hessey, […], OCLC 927360557, stanza XXIV, page 61:
- Come down, we pray thee, ere the hot sun count / His dewy rosary on the eglantine.