See also: Ego, égo, égő, ego-, -ego, and его

English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ego (I). Chosen by Freud’s translator as a translation of his use of German Ich as a noun for this concept from the pronoun ich (I). Doublet of I and Ich.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ego (countable and uncountable, plural egos)

  1. The self, especially with a sense of self-importance.
    • 1998, Eckhart Tolle, A New Earth:
      When every thought absorbs your attention completely, when you are so identified with the voice in your head and the emotions that accompany it that you lose yourself in every thought and every emotion, then you are totally identified with form and therefore in the grip of ego. Ego is a conglomeration of recurring thought forms and conditioned mental-emotional patterns that are invested with a sense of I, a sense of self.
  2. (psychology, Freudian) The most central part of the mind, which mediates with one's surroundings.
    • 1954, Calvin S. Hall, A Primer of Freudian Psychology:
      In the well adjusted person the ego is the executive of the personality and is governed by the reality principle.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, London: Heinemann, →OCLC, page 19:
      ‘Everything begins with “I”, you mean. Which is ego,’ said Tom, placing an ankle behind his ear, ‘not id.’
  3. A person's self-esteem and opinion of themselves.
    • 2024 January 10, Christian Wolmar, “A time for change? ... just as it was back in issue 262”, in RAIL, number 1000, page 60:
      My columns in the early days of the Labour government often featured John Prescott, who was in charge of transport as part of a mega-department created to match his ego.

Synonyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin ego. Doublet of jo.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego (the self)
    Synonym: jo

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin ego (I).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ego n

  1. ego
  2. (psychoanalysis) ego

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • ego in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • ego in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin egō.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː.ɣoː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ego

Noun edit

ego n (plural ego's, diminutive egootje n)

  1. ego, self

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin egō (I).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɡo/, [ˈe̞ɡo̞]
  • Rhymes: -eɡo
  • Syllabification(key): e‧go

Noun edit

ego

  1. ego
  2. (psychoanalysis) ego

Declension edit

Inflection of ego (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative ego egot
genitive egon egojen
partitive egoa egoja
illative egoon egoihin
singular plural
nominative ego egot
accusative nom. ego egot
gen. egon
genitive egon egojen
partitive egoa egoja
inessive egossa egoissa
elative egosta egoista
illative egoon egoihin
adessive egolla egoilla
ablative egolta egoilta
allative egolle egoille
essive egona egoina
translative egoksi egoiksi
abessive egotta egoitta
instructive egoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of ego (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative egoni egoni
accusative nom. egoni egoni
gen. egoni
genitive egoni egojeni
partitive egoani egojani
inessive egossani egoissani
elative egostani egoistani
illative egooni egoihini
adessive egollani egoillani
ablative egoltani egoiltani
allative egolleni egoilleni
essive egonani egoinani
translative egokseni egoikseni
abessive egottani egoittani
instructive
comitative egoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative egosi egosi
accusative nom. egosi egosi
gen. egosi
genitive egosi egojesi
partitive egoasi egojasi
inessive egossasi egoissasi
elative egostasi egoistasi
illative egoosi egoihisi
adessive egollasi egoillasi
ablative egoltasi egoiltasi
allative egollesi egoillesi
essive egonasi egoinasi
translative egoksesi egoiksesi
abessive egottasi egoittasi
instructive
comitative egoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative egomme egomme
accusative nom. egomme egomme
gen. egomme
genitive egomme egojemme
partitive egoamme egojamme
inessive egossamme egoissamme
elative egostamme egoistamme
illative egoomme egoihimme
adessive egollamme egoillamme
ablative egoltamme egoiltamme
allative egollemme egoillemme
essive egonamme egoinamme
translative egoksemme egoiksemme
abessive egottamme egoittamme
instructive
comitative egoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative egonne egonne
accusative nom. egonne egonne
gen. egonne
genitive egonne egojenne
partitive egoanne egojanne
inessive egossanne egoissanne
elative egostanne egoistanne
illative egoonne egoihinne
adessive egollanne egoillanne
ablative egoltanne egoiltanne
allative egollenne egoillenne
essive egonanne egoinanne
translative egoksenne egoiksenne
abessive egottanne egoittanne
instructive
comitative egoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative egonsa egonsa
accusative nom. egonsa egonsa
gen. egonsa
genitive egonsa egojensa
partitive egoaan
egoansa
egojaan
egojansa
inessive egossaan
egossansa
egoissaan
egoissansa
elative egostaan
egostansa
egoistaan
egoistansa
illative egoonsa egoihinsa
adessive egollaan
egollansa
egoillaan
egoillansa
ablative egoltaan
egoltansa
egoiltaan
egoiltansa
allative egolleen
egollensa
egoilleen
egoillensa
essive egonaan
egonansa
egoinaan
egoinansa
translative egokseen
egoksensa
egoikseen
egoiksensa
abessive egottaan
egottansa
egoittaan
egoittansa
instructive
comitative egoineen
egoinensa

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English egoFrench égoGerman EgoItalian egoRussian э́го (égo)Spanish ego. Decision no. 693, Progreso IV.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ego (invariable)

  1. ego

Derived terms edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ego (I), from Proto-Italic *egō, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Doublet of eke.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈeɡo]
  • Hyphenation: égo

Noun edit

ego (first-person possessive egoku, second-person possessive egomu, third-person possessive egonya)

  1. (psychology) ego.

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin ego.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ego m (invariable)

  1. ego

Further reading edit

  • ego in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *egō, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Compare Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

egō̆ (first person, nominative, plural nōs)

  1. I; first person singular personal pronoun, nominative case
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:19
      et aut ego indigna fui illis aut illi mihi forsitan digni non fuerunt quia forsitan viro alio conservasti me
      And either I was unworthy of them, or they perhaps were not worthy of me: because perhaps thou hast kept me for another man

Declension edit

Number Singular Plural
Person First Second Reflexive third Third First Second Reflexive third Third
Case / Gender Masc./ Fem./Neut. Masc. Fem. Neut. Masc./ Fem./Neut. Masc. Fem. Neut.
Nominative egō̆ is ea id nōs vōs
eae ea
Genitive meī tuī suī eius nostrī
nostrum
vestrī
vestrum
suī eōrum eārum eōrum
Dative mihi tibi sibi nōbīs vōbīs sibi eīs
Accusative
sēsē
eum eam id nōs vōs
sēsē
eōs eās ea
Ablative
sēsē
nōbīs vōbīs
sēsē
eīs
Vocative egō nōs vōs

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Sardinian: dego, deo, deu, ego, eo, eu

Reflexes of the late variant eo:

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: iou
    • Istro-Romanian: io
    • Megleno-Romanian: io
    • Romanian: eu, io
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
    • Corsican: eiu
    • Italian: io
      • Interlingua: io
    • Gallurese: e
    • Neapolitan: io
    • Sassarese: éiu
    • Sicilian: eu
  • Padanian:
    • Friulian: jo
    • Romansch: jau
  • Gallo-Romance:
    • Catalan: jo
    • Franco-Provençal: je
    • Old French: je (see there for further descendants)
    • Gascon: jo
    • Old Occitan: eu, ieu; ie
  • Ibero-Romance:
    • Aragonese: yo
    • Old Leonese: [Term?]
      • Asturian: yo
      • Extremaduran: yo
      • Leonese: you
      • Mirandese: you
    • Old Galician-Portuguese: eu (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Spanish: yo (see there for further descendants)

Borrowings:

  • Catalan: ego
  • Dutch: ego
  • English: ego
  • French: ego
  • Galician: ego
  • German: Ego
  • Italian: ego
  • Portuguese: ego
  • Spanish: ego

See also edit

References edit

  • ego”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ego”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ego in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ego in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be hardly able to restrain one's tears: vix me contineo quin lacrimem
    • I cannot sleep for anxiety: curae somnum mihi adimunt, dormire me non sinunt
    • I'm undone! it's all up with me: perii! actum est de me! (Ter. Ad. 3. 2. 26)
    • I was induced by several considerations to..: multae causae me impulerunt ad aliquid or ut...
    • I console myself with..: hoc (illo) solacio me consōlor
    • I console myself with..: haec (illa) res me consolatur
    • (great) advantage accrues to me from this: fructus ex hac re redundant in or ad me
    • I will refuse you nothing: nihil tibi a me postulanti recusabo
    • I express my approval of a thing: res a me probatur
    • as far as I can guess: quantum ego coniectura assequor, auguror
    • if I am not mistaken: nisi (animus) me fallit
    • unless I'm greatly mistaken: nisi omnia me fallunt
    • I am not unaware: me non fugit, praeterit
    • I cannot bring myself to..: a me impetrare non possum, ut
    • I forget something: oblivio alicuius rei me capit
    • experience has taught me: usus me docuit
    • this goes to prove what I say: hoc est a (pro) me
    • the matter speaks for itself: res ipsa (pro me apud te) loquitur
    • something harasses me, makes me anxious: aliquid me sollicitat, me sollicitum habet, mihi sollicitudini est, mihi sollicitudinem affert
    • I am discontented with my lot: fortunae meae me paenitet
    • I am not dissatisfied with my progress: non me paenitet, quantum profecerim
    • what will become of me: quid (de) me fiet? (Ter. Heaut. 4. 3. 37)
    • it's all over with me; I'm a lost man: actum est de me
    • I have great hopes that..: magna me spes tenet (with Acc. c. Inf.) (Tusc. 1. 41. 97)
    • hope has played me false: spes me frustratur
    • I have received a legacy from a person: hereditas ad me or mihi venit ab aliquo (Verr. 2. 1. 10)
    • I have no objection: per me licet
    • (ambiguous) to be burned to ashes: incendio deleri, absūmi
    • (ambiguous) to be carried off by a disease: morbo absūmi (Sall. Iug. 5. 6)
    • (ambiguous) to die a natural death: morbo perire, absūmi, consūmi
    • (ambiguous) according to my strong conviction: ex animi mei sententia (vid. sect. XI. 2)
    • (ambiguous) I put myself at your disposal as regards advice: consilii mei copiam facio tibi
    • (ambiguous) my dear father: pater optime or carissime, mi pater (vid. sect. XII. 10)
    • (ambiguous) I swear on my conscience: ex animi mei sententia iuro

Latvian edit

Noun edit

ego m (invariable)

  1. ego

Noun edit

ego m (invariable)

  1. eglantine

Synonyms edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin ego. Doublet of ja (I).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ego n (indeclinable)

  1. (psychoanalysis) ego (the most central part of the mind which mediates with one's surroundings)

Further reading edit

  • ego in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ego in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin ego (I). Doublet of eu.

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Rhymes: -ɛɡu
  • Hyphenation: e‧go

Noun edit

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego (the self)
  2. (psychology) ego (most central part of the mind)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin ego.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /êːɡo/
  • Hyphenation: e‧go

Noun edit

ȇgo m (Cyrillic spelling е̑го)

  1. ego

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin ego (I). Doublet of yo.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɡo/ [ˈe.ɣ̞o]
  • Rhymes: -eɡo
  • Syllabification: e‧go

Noun edit

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego
    Synonym: yo

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ego (I).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ego (definite accusative egou, plural egolar)

  1. ego (the self, especially with a sense of self-importance)
  2. (psychoanalysis) ego

Related terms edit