English edit

 
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A red rose (flower)
 
A rose (graph with only one vertex)

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English rose, roose, from Old English rōse, from Latin rosa, of uncertain origin but possibly via Oscan from Ancient Greek ῥόδον (rhódon, rose) (Aeolic ϝρόδον (wródon)), from Old Persian *wṛda- (flower) (compare Avestan𐬬𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬀-(varəδa-), Sogdian ward, Parthian wâr, late Middle Persian [Term?] (gwl /⁠gul⁠/), Persianگل(gol, rose, flower), and Middle Iranian borrowings including Old Armenian վարդ (vard, rose), Aramaicוַרְדָּא(wardā) / ⁧ܘܪܕܐ(wardā), Arabicوَرْدَة(warda), Hebrewוֶרֶד(wéreḏ)), from Proto-Indo-European *wr̥dʰos (sweetbriar) (compare Old English word (thornbush), Latin rubus (bramble), Albanian hurdhe (ivy)). Possibly ultimately a derivation from a verb for "to grow" only attested in Indo-Iranian (*Hwardʰ-, compare Sanskrit वर्धति (vardhati), with relatives in Avestan).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rose (countable and uncountable, plural roses)

  1. A shrub of the genus Rosa, with red, pink, white or yellow flowers.
  2. A flower of the rose plant.
  3. A plant or species in the rose family. (Rosaceae)
  4. Something resembling a rose flower.
  5. (heraldry) The rose flower, usually depicted with five petals, five barbs, and a circular seed.
  6. (countable, uncountable) A purplish-red or pink colour, the colour of some rose flowers.
    Web rose:  
  7. A round nozzle for a sprinkling can or hose.
  8. The usually circular base of a light socket in the ceiling, from which the fitting or chandelier is suspended.
  9. Any of various large, red-bodied, papilionid butterflies of the genus Pachliopta.
  10. (mathematics) Any of various flower-like polar graphs of sinusoids or their squares.
  11. (mathematics, graph theory) A graph with only one vertex.
Descendants edit
  • Marshallese: rooj
  • Tokelauan: loha
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

rose (third-person singular simple present roses, present participle rosing, simple past and past participle rosed)

  1. (poetic, transitive) To make rose-colored; to redden or flush.
  2. (poetic, transitive) To perfume, as with roses.

Adjective edit

rose (not comparable)

  1. Having a purplish-red or pink color; rosy.
Translations edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

rose

  1. simple past of rise
  2. (now colloquial and nonstandard) past participle of rise
    • 1775, The Complete Gazetteer of England and Wales [] [1], volume 1, G. Robinson, and R. Baldwin, page 154:
      Chidley-Mount, Som. on the other ſide of the Parret, oppoſite to Bridgewater, which is ſuppoſed to have roſe from its ruins.
    • 1805, Cobbett's Political Register, volume 8, page 89:
      Here the genius of agriculture seems to have rose above its dawn.
    • 2006 January 30, Timothy Stagich, Conscious Ascension: The Global Rise of Mankind Out of the Depths of Conflict[2], Global Leadership Resources, →ISBN, page 86:
      And, it has often been in the most oppressed of times that human beings have rose up and discovered their greatest potential.
Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From French rosé (pinkish).

Noun edit

rose (plural roses)

  1. Alternative spelling of rosé

Anagrams edit

References edit

  • rose”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.

Afrikaans edit

Noun edit

rose

  1. plural of roos

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

rose f

  1. dative/locative singular of rosa

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rose

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of rosit

Danish edit

 
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Wikipedia da

Etymology 1 edit

From late Old Norse rós, rósa, from Middle Low German rōse, from Latin rosa (rose).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /roːsə/, [ˈʁoːsə]

Noun edit

rose c (singular definite rosen, plural indefinite roser)

  1. rose (flower, shrub of the genus Rosa)
Inflection edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

From French rosé.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rose c (singular definite roseen, plural indefinite roseer)

  1. rosé (a pale pink wine)
Inflection edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Old Norse hrósa, whence dialectal English roose, Old Swedish rōsa.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /roːsə/, [ˈʁoːsə]

Verb edit

rose (imperative ros, infinitive at rose, present tense roser, past tense roste, perfect tense har rost)

  1. to praise, commend
Conjugation edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Middle French rose, from Old French rose, borrowed from Latin rosa (the expected form if it was inherited would be *reuse).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rose f (plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)
  2. rose window
  3. (heraldry) rose

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

rose m (plural roses)

  1. pink

Adjective edit

rose (plural roses)

  1. pink
  2. (humorous) pink, left-wing
  3. (colloquial) erotic, blue
  4. (in phrases) rosy, rose-tinted

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Haitian Creole: woz
  • Louisiana Creole: ròz, roz
  • Mauritian Creole: roz
  • Seychellois Creole: roz
  • Greek: ροζ (roz)
  • Luxembourgish: Rous
  • Persian: ⁧رز(roz)
  • Romanian: roz

See also edit

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      noir
             rouge; cramoisi, carmin              orange; brun, marron              jaune; crème
             lime              vert              menthe
             cyan, turquoise; bleu canard              azur, bleu ciel              bleu
             violet, lilas; indigo              magenta; pourpre              rose

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin rosa.

Noun edit

rose f (plural rosis)

  1. flower
    Synonym: flôr

Related terms edit

Italian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

rose pl

  1. plural of rosa

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rose

  1. third-person singular past historic of rodere

Etymology 3 edit

Participle edit

rose f pl

  1. feminine plural of roso

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Participle edit

rōse

  1. vocative masculine singular of rōsus

Lower Sorbian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔsɛ/, [ˈrɔsə]

Noun edit

rose

  1. inflection of rosa:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English rōse, from Latin rosa. Reinforced and remodelled on Old French rose, from the same Latin source.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔːz(ə)/, /ˈrɔz(ə)/

Noun edit

rose (plural roses or rosen)

  1. rose (plant belonging to the genus Rosa)
  2. rose (flower of the rose plant)
  3. (heraldry) The rose as a heraldic emblem.
  4. (figurative) A morally upstanding and virtuous individual.
  5. reddish-purple; a rosy colour
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • English: rose (see there for further descendants)
  • Scots: rose
See also edit
Colors in Middle English · coloures, hewes (layout · text)
     whit      grey, hor      blak
             red; cremesyn, gernet              citrine, aumbre; broun, tawne              yelow, dorry, gul; canevas
             grasgrene              grene             
             plunket; ewage              asure, livid              blewe, blo, pers
             violet; inde              rose, murrey; purpel, purpur              claret
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rose

  1. Alternative form of rosen (to boast)

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French rose, from Latin rosa.

Noun edit

rose f (plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)

Adjective edit

rose m or f (plural roses)

  1. rosy; rose-coloured

Descendants edit

  • French: rose (see there for further descendants)
  • Middle Dutch: rose

References edit

  • rose on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330–1500) (in French)

Middle High German edit

Etymology edit

From Old High German rōsa, from Latin rosa.

Noun edit

rôse f or m

  1. ross
    Ich bin vrô von einer rôsen, diu kan sprëchen süeȥiu wort.
    I am glad of a rose which can say sweet words.

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Alemannic German: Roos, Roose
  • Bavarian:
    Cimbrian: roas
    Mòcheno: roas
  • Central Franconian: Rus
  • German: Rose (see there for further descendants)
  • Vilamovian: ruuz
  • Yiddish: ⁧רויז(royz)

References edit

  • Benecke, Georg Friedrich; Müller, Wilhelm; Zarncke, Friedrich (1863), “rôse”, in Mittelhochdeutsches Wörterbuch: mit Benutzung des Nachlasses von Benecke, Stuttgart: S. Hirzel

Norman edit

 
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Wikipedia nrm

Etymology edit

From Latin rosa.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Adjective edit

rose m or f

  1. (Jersey) pink (colour)
    Synonym: (Guernsey) couleur dé raose

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

rose f (plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
 
Rose

Etymology edit

From Latin rosa, via Old Norse rós and rósa.

Noun edit

rose f or m (definite singular rosa or rosen, indefinite plural roser, definite plural rosene)

  1. a rose (plant and flower of genus Rosa)

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology edit

From Latin rosa, via Old Norse rós and rósa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rose f (definite singular rosa, indefinite plural roser, definite plural rosene)

  1. a rose (plant and flower of genus Rosa)

Derived terms edit

Verb edit

rose (present tense rosar/roser, past tense rosa/roste, past participle rosa/rost, passive infinitive rosast, present participle rosande, imperative rose/ros)

  1. alternative form of rosa

Further reading edit

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin rosa.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈroː.se/, [ˈroː.ze]

Noun edit

rōse f (nominative plural rōsan or rōsa)

  1. rose

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Old French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin rosa.

Noun edit

rose oblique singularf (oblique plural roses, nominative singular rose, nominative plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)

Descendants edit

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

rose

  1. inflection of rosa (anger):
    1. locative singular
    2. accusative plural

Verb edit

rose

  1. optative active singular of rosati (to annoy)

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

rose (Cyrillic spelling росе)

  1. inflection of rosa:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural