Etymology 1 edit
einir m (genitive singular einis, no plural)
Derived terms edit
Etymology 2 edit
Inflected form of einn (“one”).
Etymology 3 edit
Inflected form of einn (“alone”).
Old Norse edit
Borrowed from Vulgar Latin ziniperus (perhaps via a Western Romance form with /b/ for /p/) understood as a compound with ber (“berry”) for the juniper berry, although a reconstructed Proto-Germanic *ainijaz or *jainijaz from a Proto-Indo-European acrostatic n-stem noun *h₁óy-n- ~ *h₁éy-n-s, collective formation *h₁oy-n-yo-, has been fancied with reference to the (itself deemed borrowed) Classical Latin iūniperus and (barely identified) Hittite 𒂊𒅀𒀭 (e-i̯a-an /ei̯an-/, “(a kind of) evergreen tree (yew?)”).
- ^ This was already understood by Karl Schiller and August Lübben in their 1875 Middle Low German dictionary page 639. We link the Middle Low German forms at the Swedish entry as its descendants.
- ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ainja-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 12
- ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*jainjaz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 205
- ^ “einir”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- ^ Entry "einir" on page 107 in: Geir T. Zoëga "A Concise Dictionary of Old Islandic", Oxford at the Claredon Press (1910).