Faroese edit

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

einir m

  1. masculine nominative plural of ein

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse einir, ultimately from Latin jūniperus. Cognate with Faroese eini(ber), Danish ene, Swedish en, Norwegian eine.

Noun edit

einir m (genitive singular einis, no plural)

  1. juniper (Juniperus communis)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inflected form of einn (one).

Numeral edit


  1. nominative plural masculine of einn
Declension edit

Etymology 3 edit

Inflected form of einn (alone).

Adjective edit


  1. nominative plural masculine of einn

Old Norse edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Vulgar Latin ziniperus (perhaps via a Western Romance form with /b/ for /p/) understood as a compound with ber (berry) for the juniper berry,[1] although a reconstructed Proto-Germanic *ainijaz[2] or *jainijaz[3] from a Proto-Indo-European acrostatic n-stem noun *h₁óy-n- ~ *h₁éy-n-s, collective formation *h₁oy-n-yo-, has been fancied with reference to the (itself deemed borrowed) Classical Latin iūniperus and (barely identified) Hittite 𒂊𒅀𒀭 (e-i̯a-an /⁠ei̯an-⁠/, (a kind of) evergreen tree (yew?)).

Noun edit

einir m (genitive einis)[4][5]

  1. juniper

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Icelandic: einir
  • Faroese: eini
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: eine, einer
  • Norwegian Bokmål: einer
  • Elfdalian: ien, iene
  • Old Swedish: ēn, ēne
  • Danish: ene, ener
    • Norwegian Bokmål: ener

References edit

  1. ^ This was already understood by Karl Schiller and August Lübben in their 1875 Middle Low German dictionary page 639. We link the Middle Low German forms at the Swedish entry as its descendants.
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ainja-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 12
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*jainjaz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 205
  4. ^ einir”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  5. ^ Entry "einir" on page 107 in: Geir T. Zoëga "A Concise Dictionary of Old Islandic", Oxford at the Claredon Press (1910).