See also: -ein, ein-, EIN, and éin

Bourguignon Edit

Etymology Edit

From Latin unus.

Article Edit

ein (feminine eine, plural des, negative de)

  1. a, an

Breton Edit

Noun Edit

ein

  1. plural of oan

Dutch Low Saxon Edit

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɪ̯n/, /ˈaɪ̯n/

Article Edit

ein m (indefinite article)

  1. Alternative spelling of een : a, an

Article Edit

ein n (indefinite article)

  1. Alternative spelling of een : a, an

Numeral Edit

ein

  1. Alternative spelling of een : one (1)

Faroese Edit

Faroese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ein
    Ordinal : fyrsti
    Distributive : einir

Etymology Edit

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation Edit

Article Edit

ein (neuter eitt)

  1. a, an
    ein góður maðura good man
    ein góð kvinnaa good woman
    eitt gott barna good child
    einir góðir skógvara good pair of shoes

Declension Edit

ein, eitt (a, one) - article, numeral, adjective, indefinite pronoun
Singular (eintal) m f n
Nominative (hvørfall) ein ein eitt
Accusative (hvønnfall) eina
Dative (hvørjumfall) einum eini / einari einum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (eins) (einar) (eins)
Plural (fleirtal) m f n
Nominative (hvørfall) einir einar eini
Accusative (hvønnfall) einar
Dative (hvørjumfall) einum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (eina)


Numeral Edit

ein (neuter eitt)

  1. one (1)
    ein maður og tvær kvinnurone man and two women
    ein kvinna og tveir mennone woman and two men
    einar buksur og tveir skógvarone pair of trousers and two pair of shoes
    ein dagin
    one day, someday

Usage notes Edit

When counting, use the neuter forms: eitt, tvey, trý, ...

Adjective Edit

ein (neuter eitt, plural einar)

  1. same
    Teir fóru allir ein veg.
    They all went the same way.
  2. alone
    Hon sat í borgin ein.
    She sat in the castle alone.
  3. approximate
    einar hundrað krónurapproximately 100 kroner

Pronoun Edit

ein (neuter eitt)

  1. one
    ein sigurone says

Derived terms Edit

Finnish Edit

Noun Edit

ein

  1. instructive plural of ee

Anagrams Edit

German Edit

Etymology 1 Edit

German numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: eins, (before a noun) ein
    Ordinal: erste
    Sequence adverb: erstens
    Ordinal abbreviation: 1.
    Adverbial: einmal
    Adverbial abbreviation: 1-mal
    Multiplier: einfach
    Multiplier abbreviation: 1-fach
    Fractional: Ganzes

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein.

Compare German Low German en, ein, Dutch een, English one, Danish en, Norwegian Nynorsk ein.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /aɪ̯n/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ən/, /n̩/ (for the article, chiefly colloquial)
  • IPA(key): /aɛ̯n/ (Austria)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪ̯n

Numeral Edit

ein m or n

  1. (cardinal number) one
    Ich hatte nur ein Bier bestellt.
    I had ordered just one beer.
  2. the same
    Synonym: derselbe
    Als wir klein waren, schliefen mein Bruder und ich in einem Bett.
    When we were little, my brother and I slept in the same bed.
Usage notes Edit
  • In counting, the form eins is used: eins zu null (one–nil) (sport result). The name of the number one, as a noun, is Eins.
  • In order to distinguish the numeral ("one") from the indefinite article ("a, an"), the former (which is stressed in pronunciation) may be printed in italics or with increased letterspacing:
    Ich hatte nur ein Bier bestellt.
    Ich hatte nur ein Bier bestellt.
  • ein can stay uninflected as in ein oder zwei Wochen (one or two weeks), ein bis zwei Wochen (one to two weeks)
  • ein can be governed by the definite article to mean "the one": Ich hatte nur das eine Bier bestellt. (I had ordered just the one beer.)
Alternative forms Edit

Article Edit

ein m or n

  1. a, an
    ein Manna man
    eine Fraua woman
    ein Kinda child
Usage notes Edit
  • In the vernacular, the diphthong ei- is usually not pronounced in the indefinite article, which gives rise to the informal contractions 'n, 'ne, 'nem, 'ner (dative), and 'nen. (There are no contracted genitive forms.)
  • Earlier contracted forms which are not in use anymore are eim for einem and eins for eines (as in "eins Mann[e]s", "eins Kind[e]s"). Even older forms are ein for eine (as in ein Frau), einm for einem and einr for einer.
Declension Edit
Declension of ein
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative ein eine ein
genitive eines einer eines
dative einem einer einem
accusative einen eine ein
Alternative forms Edit
  • ain (dated)
  • 'n (informal)
Coordinate terms Edit
Related terms Edit

Etymology 2 Edit

Related to in (like also ein-), from Old High German in, from Proto-Germanic *in, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én. Compare English in-.

Pronunciation Edit

Adverb Edit

ein

  1. (now chiefly in compounds) indicating (concrete or abstract/metaphorical) motion into something
    ein und aus gehen, weder ein noch aus wissen
    derein, feldein, hafenein, herein, hierein, hinein, jahrein, waldein (older spellings include Wald-ein), worein
    • 1843, Carl Friedrich Friccius, Geschichte des Krieges in den Jahren 1813 und 184. Mit besonderer Rücksicht auf Ostpreussen und das Königsbergsche Landwehrbataillon, page 418:
      Rund herum gerieth Alles in Flammen. Eine Menge Kugeln aus der Festung schlugen dicht neben, über und hinter uns, oder mit fürchterlichem Geprassel in den Wald ein; keine aber traf und der Himmel beschützte uns wunderbar.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Adjective Edit

ein (strong nominative masculine singular einer, not comparable)

  1. (predicative) on
    Synonyms: eingeschaltet, an, angeschaltet
    Antonyms: aus, ausgeschaltet
    Ist der Schalter ein oder aus? (d. h., Ist der Schalter ein- oder ausgeschaltet?)
    Is the switch on or off. (i.e., Is the switch switched on or off.)

Further reading Edit

  • ein” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • ein” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • ein” in Duden online
  •   ein on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de

Anagrams Edit

German Low German Edit

Alternative forms Edit

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɪ̯n/, /ˈaɪ̯n/

Article Edit

ein m or n (indefinite article)

  1. Alternative spelling of en (a, an)

Numeral Edit

ein

  1. Alternative spelling of en (one (1))

Icelandic Edit

Etymology Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation Edit

  This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Adverb Edit

ein

  1. alone
    Hún er ein.
    She is alone.

Numeral Edit

ein

  1. inflection of einn:
    1. nominative neuter singular
    2. nominative/accusative neuter plural

Anagrams Edit

Irish Edit

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

ein

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter n.

See also Edit

Japanese Edit

Romanization Edit

ein

  1. Rōmaji transcription of えいん

Norwegian Nynorsk Edit

Norwegian Nynorsk cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ein
    Ordinal : fyrste

Alternative forms Edit

  • einn (alternative spelling)

Etymology Edit

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Akin to English one, an.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ɛɪːn/, [ɛ̝ɪ̯ːn], [æɪ̯ːn]
  • (South West, Setesdal) IPA(key): [a̝e̯ːn]
  • (North West) IPA(key): [ɛ̞ɪ̯ɲː], [æi̯ɲː]

Numeral Edit

éin m (feminine éi, neuter eitt)

  1. one (cardinal number 1)

Derived terms Edit

Article Edit

ein m (indefinite singular feminine ei, indefinite singular neuter eit)

  1. a, an (indefinite article) (Indefinite masculine singular article.)
    Eg skal selja ein båt.
    I am going to sell a boat.
    Ein raud blome.
    A red flower.

Declension Edit

Pronoun Edit

ein (genitive eins)

  1. one (indefinite personal pronoun)
    Ein skal ikkje tru på alt ein høyrer.
    One should not believe everything one is told.
  2. someone
    Eg kjenner ein som kan spela trombone.
    I know someone who can play the trombone.

Adverb Edit

ein

  1. circa, approximately, about
    Synonym: ei
    Det ligg ein to-tre kilometer unna.
    It lies about two to three kilometres away.

References Edit

Anagrams Edit

Old Frisian Edit

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeːi̯n/, [ˈɛːɪ̯n]

Adjective Edit

ēin

  1. Alternative form of āin

References Edit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old High German Edit

Old High German cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ein

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-West Germanic *ain, whence also Old English ān, Old Norse einn.

Numeral Edit

ein

  1. one

Derived terms Edit

Adverb Edit

ein

  1. only

Descendants Edit

  • Middle High German: ein
    • Alemannic German: ain, äin, a, an, en
    • Bavarian: a
      Cimbrian: a, an (a, an); òan, umm (one)
      Mòcheno: a (a, an); oa' (one)
    • Central Franconian: ne (Ripuarian)
      Ripuarian: ne
    • East Central German: ä, e
    • German: ein
    • Luxembourgish: een
    • Rhine Franconian: e (Hessian)
    • Yiddish: איין(eyn), אַ(a), אַן(an)

Old Norse Edit

Adjective Edit

ein

  1. inflection of einn:
    1. strong feminine nominative singular
    2. strong neuter nominative/accusative plural

Welsh Edit

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

From Middle Welsh yn, an, from Old Welsh an.

Pronunciation Edit

Determiner Edit

ein (triggers h-prothesis of a following vowel)

  1. our
    Buodd ein ci a’n cath yn gyfeillion pennaf.
    Our dog and our cat were best friends.

Pronoun Edit

ein (triggers h-prothesis of a following vowel)

  1. us (as the direct object of a verbal noun)
    Os oes problem, cofiwch ein hysbysu i’n helpu i’w datrys yn gyflym.
    If there is a problem, remember to inform us to help us to solve it quickly.

Usage notes Edit

  • Ni is often added after the noun or verbnoun which ein precedes. In formal language, this is done to emphasise the determiner or pronoun. In colloquial language, it is not necessarily an indicator of emphasis, and is often included with the determiner and always included with the pronoun. The exception to the latter case is in passive constructions employing cael, where ni is never used.
  • In formal Welsh, the contraction 'n is a valid form of ein found after mostly functional vowel-final words. In colloquial Welsh, ein is often contracted to 'n after almost any vowel-final word.
  • Pronomial ein or 'n can occur before any verbal noun. Before a verb, pronomial 'n is found only in formal language after certain vowel-final preverbal particles. See entry for 'n for more information.
  • The colloquial pronunciation /ən/ is the original pronunciation, as shown by the Middle Welsh form yn. The more careful pronunciation /ei̯n/ is a later spelling pronunciation.

Further reading Edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ein”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

West Frisian Edit

Etymology 1 Edit

From Old Frisian *ened, from Proto-West Germanic *anad.

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

ein c (plural einen, diminutive eintsje)

  1. duck
Further reading Edit
  • ein (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Etymology 2 Edit

From Old Frisian ende, from Proto-West Germanic *andī.

Noun Edit

ein c or n (plural einen, diminutive eintsje)

  1. end
Further reading Edit
  • ein (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Yola Edit

Noun Edit

ein

  1. Alternative form of ieen (eyes)

References Edit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 38