Translingual

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Symbol

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ber

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-5 language code for Berber languages.

English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Hindi बेर (ber).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ber (plural bers)

  1. A fruit-bearing tree (Ziziphus mauritiana); the jujube.

See also

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References

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Anagrams

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Albanian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Albanian *bōr-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰōrs-, from root *bʰers- (point, tip bolt). Cognate to Old Irish barr (point).[1]

Noun

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ber m (plural berë, definite beri, definite plural berët)

  1. bow, arc, arch
  2. arrow
  3. javelin, lance
  4. European whipsnake (Dolichophis jugularis, syn. Coluber jugularis)

Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Demiraj, B. (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: []] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 95

Cimbrian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle High German wer, from Old High German wer, from Proto-West Germanic *hwaʀ, from Proto-Germanic *hwaz. Cognate with German wer, English who.

Pronoun

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ber

  1. (Luserna) who
    Bobrall du geast, gedenkhte ber du pist.Wherever you go, remember who you are.

References

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Czech

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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ber

  1. second-person singular imperative of brát

Anagrams

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Elfdalian

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Adjective

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ber

  1. bare, uncovered

Inflection

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This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Faroese

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse ber, from Proto-Germanic *basją, *bazją.

Noun

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ber n (genitive singular bers, plural ber)

  1. berry
Declension
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Declension of ber
n22 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative ber berið ber berini
accusative ber berið ber berini
dative beri berinum berjum, berum berjunum, berunum
genitive bers bersins berja berjanna
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Conjugated form.

Verb

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ber

  1. inflection of bera:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person singular imperative
Derived terms
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French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Middle French berz, from Vulgar Latin *bertium (little cradle), from Gaulish.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ber m (plural bers)

  1. (nautical) a cradle that holds a ship before and during its launch

Further reading

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Icelandic

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse berr, from Proto-Germanic *bazaz.

Adjective

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ber (comparative berari, superlative berastur)

  1. bare
  2. bare, naked
  3. uncovered
  4. discovered
    Hann varð ber að lygi.
    He was caught lying.
Inflection
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Old Norse ber, from Proto-Germanic *basją, *bazją.

Noun

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ber n (genitive singular bers, nominative plural ber)

  1. berry
Declension
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Derived terms
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Latvian

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Verb

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ber

  1. inflection of bērt:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. third-person plural present indicative
    3. second-person singular imperative
  2. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of bērt
  3. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of bērt

Mirandese

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Verb

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ber

  1. to see
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Mòcheno

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Pronoun

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ber

  1. unstressed form of biar

References

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Namuyi

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [bɚ˧]
  • Hyphenation: ber

Verb

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ber

  1. (stative) to be full (of)

References

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  • Štěpán Pavlík (2017) The Description of Namuzi Language[2], Prague: Charles University (PhD Thesis), page 119

Northern Kurdish

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Etymology 1

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From the same root as Etymology 2 below.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ber m (Arabic spelling بەر)

  1. front, face
    Synonym: pêşî
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Cognate with -bar (in front of), from Proto-Iranian *upári (above; over), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *upári (above; over), derived from Proto-Indo-European *upér (above; over).

Pronunciation

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Preposition

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ber (Arabic spelling بەر)

  1. (temporal and spatial) before; in front of; toward
  2. in, under
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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Likely from Proto-Iranian *varta- (stone).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ber m (Arabic spelling بەر)

  1. stone, rock
    1. particularly a small stone
      Antonym: kevir
  2. bullet
Declension
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Etymology 4

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ber f (Arabic spelling بەڕ)

  1. kilim (type of carpet)
Declension
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Etymology 5

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Compare Persian بر (bar, fruit).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ber m or f (Arabic spelling بەر)

  1. fruit
    Synonyms: êmîş, fîkî, mêwe
  2. (figurative) product
Declension
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Etymology 6

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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be'r f (Arabic spelling بەعر)

  1. Alternative form of behr (sea)
Declension
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References

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  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020) “ber I”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume 1, London: Transnational Press, page 45
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020) “ber II”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume 1, London: Transnational Press, page 45
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020) “ber III”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume 1, London: Transnational Press, page 46
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020) “ber̄ IV”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume 1, London: Transnational Press, page 46
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020) “ber V”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume 1, London: Transnational Press, page 47
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020) “be‘r VI”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume 1, London: Transnational Press, page 47

Norwegian Bokmål

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Verb

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ber

  1. present of be

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Etymology 1

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Verb

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ber

  1. present tense of bera
  2. imperative of bera

Etymology 2

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Verb

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ber

  1. present tense of be

Anagrams

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Old English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *bāru, from Proto-Germanic *bērō, whence also Old High German bāra.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bēr f

  1. bier; a litter to transport dead people

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Middle English: bere, beere, beer

Old French

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Noun

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ber m

  1. nominative singular of baron

Old Irish

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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·ber

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive conjunct of beirid

Mutation

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Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ber ber
pronounced with /β(ʲ)-/
mber
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Germanic *basją, *bazją, whence also Old English berġe, Old High German beri, Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐍃𐌹 (basi).

Noun

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ber n (genitive plural berja)

  1. berry
Declension
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective

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ber

  1. inflection of berr (bare):
    1. strong feminine nominative singular
    2. strong neuter nominative/accusative plural

Verb

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ber

  1. inflection of bera:
    1. first-person singular present indicative active
    2. second-person singular imperative active
  2. inflection of berja:
    1. first-person singular present indicative active
    2. second-person singular imperative active

References

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  • ber”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Polabian

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ber

Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle Low German bârbare

Noun

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ber m ?

  1. bear

References

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  • The template Template:R:pox:SejDp does not use the parameter(s):
    3=1
    Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.
    Lehr-Spławiński, T., Polański, K. (1962) “ber”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka Drzewian połabskich [Etymological Dictionary of the Polabian Drevani Language] (in Polish), number 1 (A – ďüzd), Wrocław, Warszawa etc.: Ossolineum, page 30
  • Polański, Kazimierz, James Allen Sehnert (1967) “ber”, in Polabian-English Dictionary, The Hague, Paris: Mouton & Co, page 37
  • Olesch, Reinhold (1962) “Báar”, in Thesaurus Linguae Dravaenopolabicae [Thesaurus of the Drevani language] (in German), volumes 1: A – O, Cologne, Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, →ISBN, page 10

Polish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Polish ber, from Proto-Slavic *bъrъ.

Noun

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ber m inan

  1. foxtail millet (Setaria italica)
Declension
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or

Derived terms
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adjective

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

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ber f

  1. genitive plural of bera

Further reading

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  • ber in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish

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Verb

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ber

  1. present indicative of be

Anagrams

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Tatar

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Tatar cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ber
    Ordinal : berençe

Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bīr (one).

Numeral

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ber (Cyrillic spelling бер)

  1. one


Volapük

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English bear (Ursidae).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ber (nominative plural bers)

  1. (male or female) bear (ursid)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Welsh

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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ber

  1. feminine singular of byr

Mutation

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Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ber fer mer unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Yola

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle English beren, from Old English beran, from Proto-West Germanic *beran.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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ber

  1. to bear, to carry

References

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  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828) William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 26

Zaghawa

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Pronoun

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ber

  1. third person singular pronoun
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  • bers third person plural

References

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