Latin edit

Etymology edit

From ex- (out of, from) +‎ cernō (separate, sift; discern).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

excernō (present infinitive excernere, perfect active excrēvī, supine excrētum); third conjugation

  1. to sift out, separate
  2. to keep apart, keep away
  3. to accumulate, proliferate
    Litium series excreverant.
    A succession of lawsuits had accumulated.
  4. (of the body) to excrete, carry off, discharge

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of excernō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excernō excernis excernit excernimus excernitis excernunt
imperfect excernēbam excernēbās excernēbat excernēbāmus excernēbātis excernēbant
future excernam excernēs excernet excernēmus excernētis excernent
perfect excrēvī excrēvistī excrēvit excrēvimus excrēvistis excrēvērunt,
pluperfect excrēveram excrēverās excrēverat excrēverāmus excrēverātis excrēverant
future perfect excrēverō excrēveris excrēverit excrēverimus excrēveritis excrēverint
passive present excernor excerneris,
excernitur excernimur excerniminī excernuntur
imperfect excernēbar excernēbāris,
excernēbātur excernēbāmur excernēbāminī excernēbantur
future excernar excernēris,
excernētur excernēmur excernēminī excernentur
perfect excrētus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excrētus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excrētus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excernam excernās excernat excernāmus excernātis excernant
imperfect excernerem excernerēs excerneret excernerēmus excernerētis excernerent
perfect excrēverim excrēverīs excrēverit excrēverīmus excrēverītis excrēverint
pluperfect excrēvissem excrēvissēs excrēvisset excrēvissēmus excrēvissētis excrēvissent
passive present excernar excernāris,
excernātur excernāmur excernāminī excernantur
imperfect excernerer excernerēris,
excernerētur excernerēmur excernerēminī excernerentur
perfect excrētus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excrētus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excerne excernite
future excernitō excernitō excernitōte excernuntō
passive present excernere excerniminī
future excernitor excernitor excernuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excernere excrēvisse excrētūrum esse excernī excrētum esse excrētum īrī
participles excernēns excrētūrus excrētus excernendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
excernendī excernendō excernendum excernendō excrētum excrētū

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • excerno”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • excerno”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • excerno in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.