Borrowed from Latin accumulātus, perfect passive participle of accumulō (“amass, pile up”), formed from ad (“to, towards, at”) + cumulō (“heap”), from cumulus (“a heap”). First attested in the 1520's.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əˈkjuːmjʊˌleɪt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ə.ˈkjum.jə.ˌleɪt/
Audio (US) (file)
- Hyphenation: ac‧cu‧mu‧late
accumulate (third-person singular simple present accumulates, present participle accumulating, simple past and past participle accumulated)
- (transitive) To heap up in a mass; to pile up; to collect or bring together (either literally or figuratively)
- He wishes to accumulate a sum of money.
- Synonyms: amass, heap, hoard, store; see also Thesaurus:pile up
- (intransitive) To gradually grow or increase in quantity or number.
- With her company going bankrupt, her divorce, and a gambling habit, debts started to accumulate so she had to sell her house.
- Synonyms: aggregate, amound, collect, gather; see also Thesaurus:accumulate
- 1770, Goldsmith, Oliver, The Deserted Village, lines 17–18:
- Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, / Where wealth accumulates, and men decay.
- (education, dated) To take a higher degree at the same time with a lower degree, or at a shorter interval than usual.
to pile up
to grow in number
accumulate (not comparable)
- (poetic, rare) Collected; accumulated.
- “accumulate”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “accumulate”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- inflection of accumulare:
accumulate f pl
From accumulō (“amass, pile up”).
accumulātē (comparative accumulātius, superlative accumulātissimē)
- “accumulate”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “accumulate”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- accumulate in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
- accumulate in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016
- Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, 1st edition. (Oxford University Press)