See also: ex, Ex, ex., and -ex

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from words borrowed from Middle French; from Latin ex (out of, from), from Proto-Indo-European *eǵ-, *eǵs- (out), *eǵʰs. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐξ (ex, out of, from), Transalpine Gaulish ex- (out), Old Irish ess- (out), Old Church Slavonic изъ (izŭ, out), Russian из (iz, from, out of).

PrefixEdit

ex-

  1. out of
    extract, expel, except, expression, exclusion
  2. outside
    exterior, ex-directory
  3. former, but still living (almost always used with a hyphen)
    ex-husband, ex-president, ex-wife
  4. (biology) Lacking.
    excaudate, exstipulate

AntonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Sometimes the x in ex- is elided before certain constants, being reduced to e- (as, e.g., in ejaculate).

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PrefixEdit

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

PrefixEdit

ex-

  1. ex-

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ē- (before b, d, g, j, l, m, n, r, or v)
  • ec-, ef- (before f)

EtymologyEdit

The preposition ex, ē used in combination.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

ex-

  1. out, away
    ē- + ‎veniō → ‎ēveniō
    ex- + ‎clāmō → ‎exclāmō
    ex- + ‎ → ‎exeō
  2. throughout
    ē- + ‎dormiō → ‎ēdormiō
    ē- + ‎pōtō → ‎ēpōtō
  3. (intensive) thoroughly
    ē- + ‎dūrus → ‎ēdūrō
    ex- + ‎acuō → ‎exacuō
  4. denoting achievement
    ex- + ‎ōrō → ‎exōrō
    ex- + ‎pugnō → ‎expugnō
  5. up
    ex- + ‎aggerō → ‎exaggerō
    ex- + ‎struō → ‎exstruō
  6. denoting privation
    ex- + ‎anima → ‎exanimō
    ex- + ‎sanguis → ‎exsanguis

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: é-
  • Italian: s-, es-
  • Old Occitan: [Term?]
  • Portuguese: es-, ex-
  • Spanish: es-

ReferencesEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

ex-

  1. privation
    ef- + ‎flouren → ‎efflouren

Derived termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ex.

PrefixEdit

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

PrefixEdit

ex-

  1. ex-, former, past

Derived termsEdit