festinus

IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

festinus

  1. conditional of festinar

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen- (to strike, slay, kill). The verbal form festinare is attested in the Old Latin period in the works of Terence, such as Eunuchus and Heauton Timorumenos.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

festīnus (feminine festīna, neuter festīnum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. swift, quick, rapid, hasty
  2. impatient
  3. early, premature

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative festīnus festīna festīnum festīnī festīnae festīna
Genitive festīnī festīnae festīnī festīnōrum festīnārum festīnōrum
Dative festīnō festīnō festīnīs
Accusative festīnum festīnam festīnum festīnōs festīnās festīna
Ablative festīnō festīnā festīnō festīnīs
Vocative festīne festīna festīnum festīnī festīnae festīna

Usage notesEdit

According to Döderlein, celer and citus mean "swift, fast, quick" in terms of quick motion (in general) with tardus as their antonym. More specifically, citus refers to a lively motion, whereas celer refers to an eager or impetuous motion.

On the other hand, pernīx and vēlōx as "quick" denote a level of athletic nimbleness in terms of bodily activity, with lentus as their antonym. More specifically, pernīx involves a level of dexterity and quickness in an eclectic range of actions (such as climbing, hurdling, jumping, vaulting, etc.); whereas vēlōx is especially used for running, swimming and flying (moving in a direction)

Thirdly, festīnus and properus as "qucik" refer specifically to one's speed in terms of the shortest time to reach a desitnation, with sēgnis as their antonym. More specifically, festīnus intimates a certain level of impatience, whereas properus simply indicates a haste from energy simply.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • festinus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • festinus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • festinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette