- conditional of festinar
Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen- (“to strike, slay, kill”). The verbal form festinare is attested in the Old Latin period in the works of Terence, such as Eunuchus and Heauton Timorumenos.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /fesˈtiː.nus/, [fɛs̠ˈt̪iːnʊs̠]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /fesˈti.nus/, [fɛsˈt̪iːnus]
|Case / Gender||Masculine||Feminine||Neuter||Masculine||Feminine||Neuter|
According to Döderlein, celer and citus mean "swift, fast, quick" in terms of quick motion (in general) with tardus as their antonym. More specifically, citus refers to a lively motion, whereas celer refers to an eager or impetuous motion.
On the other hand, pernīx and vēlōx as "quick" denote a level of athletic nimbleness in terms of bodily activity, with lentus as their antonym. More specifically, pernīx involves a level of dexterity and quickness in an eclectic range of actions (such as climbing, hurdling, jumping, vaulting, etc.); whereas vēlōx is especially used for running, swimming and flying (moving in a direction)
Thirdly, festīnus and properus as "qucik" refer specifically to one's speed in terms of the shortest time to reach a desitnation, with sēgnis as their antonym. More specifically, festīnus intimates a certain level of impatience, whereas properus simply indicates a haste from energy simply.