See also: Celer and céler

Czech

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Sellerie.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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celer m inan

  1. celery

Declension

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Further reading

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  • celer in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • celer in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • celer in Internetová jazyková příručka

French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old French, from Latin cēlāre (hide, conceal).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /sə.le/
  • Audio:(file)

Verb

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celer

  1. (transitive, literary) to conceal, hide
    Synonym: cacher
    • 1640, Pierre Corneille, Horace, act I, scene I:
      Elle vous aime assez pour ne vous rien celer
      She likes you enough that she will conceal nothing from you

Conjugation

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This verb is conjugated like parler, except the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-, as in the third-person singular present indicative il cèle and the third-person singular future indicative il cèlera.

Further reading

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Latin

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to drive). Probably cognate with Ancient Greek κέλλω (kéllō), Ancient Greek κέλης (kélēs).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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celer (feminine celeris, neuter celere, comparative celerior, superlative celerrimus, adverb celeriter); third-declension three-termination adjective

  1. fast, swift, quick, speedy, fleet
    Synonyms: rapidus, vēlōx, levis, properus, prōmptus, facilis
    Antonyms: lentus, tardus, sērus

Usage notes

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According to Döderlein, celer and citus mean "swift, fast, quick" in terms of quick motion (in general) with tardus as their antonym. More specifically, citus refers to a lively motion, whereas celer refers to an eager or impetuous motion.

On the other hand, vēlōx and pernīx as "quick" denote a level of athletic nimbleness in terms of bodily activity, with lentus as their antonym. More specifically, pernīx involves a level of dexterity and quickness in an eclectic range of actions (such as climbing, hurdling, jumping, vaulting, etc.); whereas vēlōx is especially used for running, swimming and flying (moving in a direction)

Thirdly, properus and festīnus as "quick" refer specifically to one's speed in terms of the shortest time to reach a destination, with sēgnis as their antonym. More specifically, festīnus intimates a certain level of impatience, whereas properus simply indicates a haste from energy simply.

Declension

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Third-declension three-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative celer celeris celere celerēs celeria
Genitive celeris celerium
Dative celerī celeribus
Accusative celerem celere celerēs celeria
Ablative celerī celeribus
Vocative celer celeris celere celerēs celeria

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Portuguese: célere
  • Spanish: célere
  • Italian: celere
  • English: celerity

References

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  • celer”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • celer”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • celer in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • celer”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • celer”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Middle French

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Verb

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celer

  1. to hide

Conjugation

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  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Descendants

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Old French

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Etymology

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From Latin cēlāre, present active infinitive of cēlō (hide, conceal).

Verb

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celer

  1. to conceal

Conjugation

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This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-oils, *-oilt are modified to ouz, out. This verb has a stressed present stem çoil distinct from the unstressed stem cel. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Serbo-Croatian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /t͡sêler/
  • Hyphenation: ce‧ler

Noun

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cȅler m (Cyrillic spelling це̏лер)

  1. celery

Declension

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